Engineering Research And Development (R&D) Infrastructure For Developing Economy
Ebhota, Williams S
Key words: R&D, Infrastructure, Engineering, technology, Research
Abstract: A healthy and effective R&D in engineering will guarantee large, strong, diversified, sustainable and competitive economy that will effectively harness the talents and energies of its people and responsibly exploits its natural endowments for a high standard of living and quality of life. This work discusses applied, fundamental, descriptive, analytical, qualitative, quantitative, conceptual and empirical research as various categories of research and takes a look at the relevance and the role R&D in engineering plays in national economic growth. It considers tertiary institutions, specialised research institutions and industries as the primary areas where R&D activities take place and pointed out inadequate funding, government’s insensitivity and lack of political will and inadequate R&D human capacity as the factors that have bedevilled R&D in Nigeria with consequence of low source of new product and processes, improved products and source of new market. The paper went further to discuss capacity building in reverse engineering, emerging technologies in manufacturing, R&D personnel, research facility and pro R&D government policies and concluded that the nation’s future global competitiveness depends on R&D in engineering.
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