Revisiting Carica Papaya L. Latex Potentials May Resolve Agricultural Infestation Problems
Macalood, J.S., Vicente, H.J., Gorospe, J.G., Boniao, R.D., Roa, E.C
Keywords: Biopesticide, Carica papaya L., cysteine proteinase, herviborous insects, latex laticifers, papain
Abstract: Infestation problems are among the top concerns of many farmers worldwide. The use of synthetic pesticides as one of the pest control methods had been employed which caused many negative impacts both in the environment and human health. Effectivity of synthetic pesticides is only short-term which cannot compel for its undesirable impacts. Researches investigating plant potentials as an alternate pesticide for pest control were suggested as a promising solution without sacrificing the environment and its components. Carica papaya L. latex is known to contain a lot of phytochemicals including papain, a cysteine proteinase thought to effectively involved in plant defense against herviborous insects, mollusc, fungi and other farm pests. Hence, this review summarizes the C. papaya L. latex potentials as pesticide, molluscicide and fungicide in order to pave the way for an alternate pests control without damaging the components of the ecosystem and environment.
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