IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 3, March 2014 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Effectiveness Of Anaerobic Digestion On Reducing Municipal Waste

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Budy Rahmat, Rudi Priyadi, Purwati Kuswarini

 

KEYWORDS

Index Terms: anaerobic digestion, biogas production, municipal waste, total solid reduce

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of anaerobic digestion on the reduction on municipal waste. The study was carried out using the batch type biogas digester. This study employed the experimental method with the complete randomized design, involving three instruments of digesters A, B and C. The digester A was filled with 300 g of food waste, the digester B was loaded with 200 g of food waste + 100 g of cow dung and the digester C was charged with 300 g of cow dung as the control. Before placing into each digester, each treatment was mixed with water with the ratio of 1:1 to give the slurry. The results showed that food waste was the main component of municipal waste (50.19%). The rests were plastic (32.71), paper/wood (16.37) and metal (0.71%). The highest daily biogas production was achieved at the first five days as the food waste contained organic compounds which could be converted into the biogas. The highest total biogas production during the retention time of 20 day from 8 L of substrate was achieved by the digester B (56.068 cm3), followed with the digester C (51.431 cm3) and A (32.433 cm3). The digester A might reduce the total solid (TS) from 119.100 into 22.500 mg/L during less than 20 d. The digester B might reduce the TS from 135.200 into 18.400 mg/L and the digester C might reduce the TS from 125.000 into 22.400 mg/L.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Huong Ho Thi Lan, 2002, Utilization of biogas technology for generating and storing oranges. Biogas Department, Institute of Energy, Honoi, Vietnam.

[2]
Burke P.E., D.A., 2001, Dairy Waste Anaerobic Digestion Handbook. Environmental Energy Company. WA 98516.

[3]
Banks C. J., Chesshire M., Heaven S. and Arnold R., 2011, Anaerobic digestion of source-segregated domestic food waste: Performance assessment by mass and energy balance, Bioresource Technology, 102, 612.

[4]
Suyitno; Nizam, M.; Dharmanto, 2010, Teknologi Biogas. Graha Ilmu, Edisi Pertama,Yogyakarta.

[5]
Oyinlola A. K, 2001, Recycling/resource recovery technology option for a sustainable solid waste management system in Nigeria. In Proc 2nd National Engineering Conference and Annual General Meeting of the Nigerian Society of Engineers, 63.

[6]
Azlina , A.G., and Idris, A., 2009, Preliminary Study on Biogas Production from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Leachate. Journal of Production from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Leachate. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 4 (4): 374 - 380

[7]
Igoni A. H., 2006, Design of anaerobic bioreactors for the simulation of biogas production from municipal solid waste. Ph.D Thesis, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port- Harcourt Nigeria.

[8]
Gomez, K. A.and Gomez, A. A.. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Terjemahan E. Syamsudin, Justika. B. dan Hakim Nasution. Jakarta: UI Press.

[9]
Mata-Alvarez J., 2003, Biomethanization of the organic fraction of municipal solid wastes. IWA Publishing, London.

[10]
Ojolo S.J., Bamgboye A.I., Ogunsina B.S. and Oke S. A., 2008, Analytical approach for predicting biogas generation in a municipal solid waste anaerobic digester, Iran J. Environ. Health. Sci Eng., 5(3), 179

[11]
Sagagi, B. S., Garba, B., and Usman, N. S., 2009, Studies on on Biogas Production From Fruits and Vegetable Waste. Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 2(1): 115 - 118.