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IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 2, February 2015 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



The Sol-Gel Process

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Khalid Suliman Aboodh

 

KEYWORDS

Keywords: sol-gel process ,jet breakup.

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: An increasingly important application of liquid jets is the disintegration of the jet to form droplets of liquid containing nuclear fuel. These droplets are then dried and sintered to form ceramic micro spheres for use in fuel elements in nuclear reactors. The total operations required to form the droplets, convert them to solids, and fire them to ceramic bodies comprise what are known as Sol-Gel processes (Reference [13]).

 

REFERENCES

[1] J.N.ANNO, The Mechanics Of Liquid Jets, Lexington Book, Massachusetts, 1977.

[2] W.BICKLEY, The plane jet.phil.mag .ser . 7,23,727-731(1939).

[3] P.W.Bridgman, Dimensional Analysis, (Yale University Press, New Haven Conn., 1931)

[4] N.CURLE and H.JDAVIES, MODERN FLUIDDYNAMICS, OLUME1: INCOPRESSIBLE FLOW, STUDENTS PAPERBACK EDITION, Massachusetts

[5] P.A.Haas, Preparation of Sol-Gel Spheres Smaller Than 200 Microns Without Fluidation, Nuclear Technology, 10,283-292, March (1971)

[6] P.A.Haas, F.G.Kitts, and H.Beutler, Preparation of Reactor Fuels by Sol- Gel Processes, Chemical Engineering Progress Symposium Series, 63,16-27(1967).

[7] P.A.Hass and W.J.Lackey, Improved Size Uniformity of Sol-Gel Spheres by Imposing a Vibration on the Sol in Dispersion Nozzles, Report ORNL-TM-4094,Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee,(May 1973).

[8] Dr.HERMANN SCHLICHTING, Boundary-Layer Theory, sixth Edition, Massachusetts, 1968.

[9] P.A.Hass and S.D.Clinton, Preparation of Thoria and Mixed Oxide Microspheres,

[10] Lord Raleigh, On the Instability of Jets, Proceedings of the London Mathematical society, 10, 4(1879).

[11] Lord Raleigh, The Theory of Sound (Dover Publications, New York,1945), Vol.2,pp.351-359.

[12] P.D.McCormack, L.Crane, and S. Birch, An Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of Cylindrical Liquid Jets Subjected to Vibration, British Journal of Applied Physics, 16, 395 (1965).

[13] Proceedings of the Symposium on Sol-Gel Processes and Reactor Fuel Cycles, Gatlinburg, Tenn., May 4-7,1970.Oak Ridge National Laboratory Publication CONF-700502.

[14] H.SCHLICHTING, Laminare stranhlenausbreitung .ZAMM13, 260-263(1933).

[15] C.Weber, Zeitschrift F r Anegewardte Mathematik Und Mechanik, 2,136(1931).

[16] C.Weber,Zum Zerfall eines Flussig keitsstrahles, (Dis- integration of a liquid Jet),Zeitschrift Fur Angewandte Mathematik Und Mechanik, 11,136 (1931).

[17] E.H.ZARANTONELLO, JETS,WAKES, AND CAVITIES, CAMBRIDGE, MASSA CHUSETTS, 1957.

[18] L. PRANDTL, Uber Flussigkeits bewe gung bei sehr kleiner Reibung. Proc. Of the Third intern. Mat. Congr. Heidelberg 1904.Reprinted in Vier Abhdl. Zur Hydro-und Aerodynamik Gottingen 1927; NACA Tm 452 (1928); see also collected works (Gesammelte Abhand-lungen), Vol.II, PP.575-584(1961).