Social Economics Characteristics Of Coastal Small-Scale Fisheries In Tegal City, Indonesia
Agnes Puspitasari Sudarmo, Mulyono S. Baskoro, Budy Wiryawan, Eko Sri Wiyono, Daniel R. Monintja
Key words: coastal area, social economics characteristics, small-scale fisheries
Abstract: Many complex issues faced the livelihoods of small-scale fishermen in the town of Tegal, including problems of exploiting coastal resources, fish resource decline, changes in the contour of the coastal area, fuel crisis issues, urbanization, all of which put pressure on coastal areas. This study aims to describe the socio-economic characteristics of small-scale fishermen in the City of Tegal. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to determine the profile of respondents, analyzing the economic, social, health and education status. Location of the research was in the Muarareja village, a typical small-scale fishermen village on the coast of Tegal City, Indonesia. The research was conducted from July 2013 to March 2014. Sampling was taken purposively. The samples in this study consisted of 64 fishermen. The data was collected directly by using the questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results show that small-scale fishermen in the town of Tegal is in good condition in terms of economic, social, health, and education status, or in other words the fishermen were on a high level of welfare.
 B. Murdiyanto,"Perikanan Tangkap: Dulu and Sekarang," New Paradigm in Marine Fisheries: Pemanfaatan and Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Perikanan Laut Berkelanjutan,T.W. Nurani, D.Simbolon, A. Solihin, S. Yuniarta, eds., Departemen Pemanfaatan dan Sumberdaya Perikanan, Bogor: IPB, pp.33-44, 2011.
 [KKP] Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan-Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, "Keppres 10 / 2011, Solusi Perbaiki Nasib Nelayan," Siaran Pers: 11/04/2012, available at http://www.kkp.go.id/index.php/mobile/arsip/c/7633/Keppres-102011-Solusi-Perbaiki-Nasib-Nelayan/?cat..., July 11, 2012.
 A. Fauzi and S. Anna, "Social Resilience and Uncertainties: The Case of Small-scale Fishing Households in the North Coast of Central Java," MAST, vol.9, no. 2, pp. 55-64, available at http:// www.marecentre.nl/mast/documents/Mast2010_9.2_Fauzi_Anna.pdf, November, 2010.
 Wahyudi, "Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Coastal Erosion in the Tegal Regency, Central Java, Indonesia," available at http:// www.its.ac.id/personal/files/pub/4253-wahyudi% 20citros-oe-Dr.%20WahyudiAssesment%20of%20the%coastal%20
Vulnerability%20to%20Coastal%20Erosion.pdf, November 14, 2010
 C. Bene, "When Fishery Rhymes with Poverty: A First Step Beyond the Old Paradigm on Poverty in Small-scale Fisheries," World Development, vol. 31, pp. 949-975, 2003
 M. Yafiz, "Perbaikan Kesejahteraan Nelayan Melalui Usaha Perikanan Di Kabupaten Rokan Hilir Provinsi Riau," PhD disertation, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Bogor, Indonesia, 2011.
 L.X. Sin and N.T. Long, "Status and Perception of Coastal Small-Scale Trawling Fishers in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam," International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture, vol. 3, no.2, pp. 27-35, February 2011.
 J.E. Cinner and R.B. Pollnac, " Poverty, Perception and Planning: Why Socioeconomics Matter in the Management of Mexican Reefs. Ocean & Coastal Management," vol. 47, pp. 479 - 493, 2004
 M.C.F Pan and G.L. Sia Su, "Perception and adaptation capacities of fishermen onclimate change: The case of Palawan, Philipipines," Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 153-160, 2007.
 [BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Tegal, "Kota Tegal dalam Angka (Tegal in Figures) 2013," Tegal (ID): Badan Pusat Satistik Kota Tegal, 2013.
 N. Ahmed, S. Rahman, S.W. Bunting, and C. Brugere, "Socio-Economic and Ecological Challenges of Small-Scale Fishing And Strategies For Its Sustainable Management: A Case Study of The Old Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh, Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, vol.34, pp. 86-10, 2013, doi:10.1111/sjtg.12015.
 E.V. Jones, T.S. Gray, and C. Umponstira, "Small-scale Fishing: Perceptions and Threats to Conserving a Livelihoods in the Province of Phang-nga, Thailand, " EnvironmentAsia, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1-7, 2010.
 Kusnadi, "Kebudayaan Masyarakat Nelayan," Makalah dalam Kegiatan Jelajah Budaya tahun 2010 dengan tema Ekspresi Budaya Masyarakat Nelayan di Pantai Utara Jawa. Penyelenggara Balai Pelestarian Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional. Kementerian Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata di Yogyakarta tanggal 12 - 15 Juli 2010, available at http://www.javanologi.info/main/themes/images/pdf/, 2010
 M. Rashed-Un-Nabi, M.A. Hoque, R.A. Rahman, S. Mustafa, M.A.Kader, "Fishermen's Perception and the Estuarine Set Bag Net Fishery in Bangladesh," International Journal of Rural Studies (IJRS). vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 1-16, 2006.