IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 1, January 2016 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



The Imposition Environmental Cost-Loading Of Companies Investing In Coal Mining

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Tomi Risman, Marthen Arie, Abrar Saleng, M. Yunus Wahid

 

KEYWORDS

Environmental Law, Legal Protection, Legal Enforcement

 

ABSTRACT

The instrument of environment is an effort to prevent environmental problems caused by mining activities both in forms and its nature. The aims of the study are to analyze and understanding the essence of environment cost-loading in order to restore the environment from coal mining activities, both when mining taken place and post-mining. The type of research used is a normative-legal research. This research was conducted in the province of South Kalimantan, with the consideration that the South Kalimantan is one of the largest coal-producing Provinces in Indonesia. In addition, the environment cost-loading for investor in coal mining have the same properties in all coal mining sites in Indonesia. The results of the research indicated that the imposition and environment-cost in investment activity in the field of coal mining can be seen from the two approaches, i.e the economic and legal approach. Economic approach is an approach that emphasizes the economic benefits gained by the owner of activities when they comply with the environmental requirements stipulated by laws and environmental regulations. Realizing the importance of environmental cost-loading for the company that manages the coal mining, especially for the utilization of prevention of pollution caused by coal mining activity, it is necessary to develop an institutional guarantee of recovery from the effects of pollution by establishing fund insurance for environmental restoration as a result of pollution. Thus, in order to optimize the implementation of guarantee fund for environmental restoration are specifically utilized for post-mining reclamation, then granting the status of Clean and Clear (C & C) for coal mining investor must be presupposing the proof of guarantee fund has been placed for environmental restoration post-mining.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Biro Lingkungan dan Teknologi DPE, 1998, Pelaksanaan Analisis Mengenai dampak Lingkungan (AMDAL) Kegiatan Pertambangan dan Energi, Jakarta.

[2] Dony Rachmanadi. Upaya Reklamasi Lahan Bekas Tambang Batubara di Kalimantan Selatan. http://library.forda-mof.org/libforda/data_pdf/2880.pdf. Accessed on March 16, 2014.

[3] Eko Handoyo. "Aspek Hukum Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup", journal.unnes.ac.id/index.php/ pandecta/article/view/1564/1744, Jurnal Hukum Pandecta, Accessed on June 5, 2014.

[4] Ginting L, "Hak-hak Lingkungan Hidup Sebagai Hak Asasi Manusia", Jurnal Hukum Internasional, Faculty of Law, University of Indonesia, 2(2): January 2005: 311-318

[5] Hashemi Rafsanjani. 2001. Social Justice and Problem of Racial Discrimination, Translated by: Anna Farida. Bandung: Nuansa.

[6] J. Me. Louglin, 1976. The Law and Practice Relating to Pollution Control in the Member States of the European Communities, A Comparative Survey, Graham & Trotman Ltd.

[7] Jimly Asshiddiqie, 2009. Green Constitution, Nuansa Hijau Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945, Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

[8] Otto Soemarwoto. 2004. Atur Diri Sendiri, Paradigma Baru Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup, Third editions. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

[9] Shidarta, 2006. Hukum Perlindungan Konsumen Indonesia, Revision edition, Jakarta: Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia.