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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 1, January 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Intentional Electromagnetic Interferences in Communication Devices

[Full Text]



Md. Abdul Nabi, R. Jayalakshmi, Dr. K. Umapathy



Intentional Interference (Jamming), [IEMI] Intentional Electromagnetic Interference, [HPEM] High Power Electromagnetic, [HEMP] High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (or) [NEMP] Nuclear Electromagnetic Pulse, [EM] Electromagnetic terrorism, [UWB] Ultra-Wide Band Interference, System Standards.



"IEMI is the intentional generation of electromagnetic energy introducing noise or signals into electrical and/or electronic systems by interrupting, damaging and diverting these systems for jamming, terrorist or criminal [malicious] purposes."



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[2] IEC TR 61000-1-5 First edition 2004-11 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 1-5: General – High power electromagnetic (HPEM) effects on civil systems

[3] Intentional Electromagnetic Interference (IEMI) and Its Impact on the U.S. Power Grid , William Radasky Edward Savage Meta tech Corporation 358 S. Fairview Ave., Suite E Goleta, CA 93117

[4] Baum, C.E.; Baker, W.L.; Prather, W.D.; Lehr, J.M.; O'Loughlin, J.P.; Giri, D.V.; et.al, “JOLT: a highly directive, very intensive, impulse-like radiator”, Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 92, Issue 7, July 2004 Page(s):1096 – 1109

[5] D. V. Giri and F. M. Tesche, “Classification of Intentional Electromagnetic Environments (IEME)”; IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic compatibility, Vol. 46, No. 3, August 2004

[6] IEC Standard, 61000-2-13, “Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 2-13: Environment - High-power electromagnetic (HPEM) environments - Radiated and conducted”, 2005

[7] IEC Standard, 61000-1-3, “Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 1-3: General - The effects of high-altitude EMP (HEMP) on civil equipment and systems”, 2001

[8] “Report of the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack; Volume 1: Executive Report 2004” Accessible via www.empcommission.org, August 2008

[9] “Electromagnetic environment handbook; EMMA”, Swedish Material Defence Administration (FMV), 2005

[10] R. A. Scholtz and M. Z. Win, “Impulse Radio,” invited paper, Proc. PIMRC’97, Sep 1997.

[11] A.F.Molisch, P.Orlik, Z.Sahinoglu, andJ.Zhang,“Uwb-based sensor networks and the ieee802.15.4astandard-atutorial,”inProc.Chinacom, 2006.

[12] European Computer Manufacturing Association, “Uwb: High rate ultra-wide band phyand mac standard, tech.rep” www.ecma-international.org,2005.

[13] Intentional EMI -Experiences from Research, Testing and Vulnerability Assessments in Sweden by Dr. Mats Backstrom. Adj. Professor, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) Extreme Electromagnetics –The Triple Threat to Infrastructure. IET, London January 14, 2013

[14] Federal Communications Commission, “Revision of Part 15 of the Commission’s Rules Regarding Ultra-Wideband Transmission Systems,” NPRM 00-163,May 10, 2000.