International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 1, January 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Seasonal Fluctuations In Quality Of Drinking Water Supply Reservoirs Of Dungarpur In South Rajasthan, India

[Full Text]



Yogita Ninama, G. V. Mishra



Drinking water, seasonal fluctuation, physicochemical, microbial, Dungarpur, human health, waterborne-disease.



Access to safe drinking-water is essential to health, a basic human right and a component of effective policy for health protection as per the published guidelines of WHO. The contamination of drinking water leads to major health burden, particularly in areas which are considered on lower side of human development index. The water-borne diseases owing to quality deterioration and fouling are major community health concern among rural and underdeveloped regions in developing nations. The study related to this problem was conducted in Dungarpur, located in southern Rajasthan of India. This hilly region constitutes 80% of rural populace which are largely tribal and the district on the whole is classed among least developed in country. Drinking water is either accessed from ground water or provided through supply line by government department, for which some water bodies are used as the supply sources. These water bodies are rainfall dependent and fed through some limited catchment area. Hence, water level exhibits fluctuations through different seasons of the year and so the quality profile of water there. Major water bodies used as the source of drinking water in district headquarter city Dungarpur and adjoining areas are- Adward samand and Demia Dam. Other related water bodies are Gaip Sagar and Sabela Talab. The objective of this study was to ascertain the pattern of physic-chemical and microbial changes in different seasons of the year and analyze its probable health hazards.



[1] WHO (2017): Chemical mixtures in source water and drinking-water. World Health Organization. ISBN 978-92-4-151237-4.

[2] Pruss-Ustun A, Kay D, Fewtrell L and Bartram J (2004): Unsafe water, Sanitation and Hygiene. In: Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Rodgers A and Murray CJL eds. Global and Regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors Volume I, Comparative quantification of health risks. World Health Organization, Geneva.

[3] Choubisa SL (2001): Endemic fluorosis in southern Rajasthan, India. Fluoride, 34(1), 61-70.

[4] Keshari AK and Dhiman SD (2001): Genesis of fluoride contamination in Western Indian Aquifers. In: Proc. Int. Conf. On Future Groundwater Resources at Risk, FGR 01, June 25-27, Lisbon, Portugal, Themes 1-3, 1-8.

[5] APHA (1998): Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20th ed. Washington, DC, American Public Health Association.

[6] WHO (1996): Water Quality Monitoring - A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Freshwater Quality Studies and Monitoring Programmes (Edited by Jamie Bartram and Richard Balance) United Nations Environment Programme and the World Health Organization. ISBN 0-419- 22320-7.

[7] BIS (2012): Indian Standard Drinking Water Specifications. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.

[8] Kumar M, Singh S, Mahajan RK (2006): Trace level determination of U, Zn, Cd, Pb and Cu in drinking water samples. Environ. Monit. Assess. 112, 283-292.

[9] Choubisa SL (2012): Fluoride in drinking water and its toxicosis in tribals of Rajasthan, India. Proceedings of National academy of Sciences. India section B: Biological Sciences. 82(2), 325-330.

[10] Rathore R, Ojha ML, Sharma OP and Saini VP (2016): Growth performance of Indian Major Carps in selected micro-water sheds of Dungarpur district of Southern Rajasthan. Int. J. Fish. & Aq. Stud. 4(6), 322-328.

[11] Sharma R, Sharma V, Sharma MS, Verma BK, Modi Rachna and Gaur KS (2011): Studies on Limnological Characteristics, Planktonic diversity and Fishes (species) in Lake Picchola, Udaipur, Rajasthan (India). Univ. J. Environ. Res. & Technol. 1(3), 274-285.

[12] Mahajan S and Billore D (2014): Seasonal Variations and Assessment of Water Quality of Nagchoon pond of Khandwa district (MP) India. Curr. World Environ. 9(3), 829-836.

[13] Garg RK, Rao RJ, Uchcharyia D, Shukla G and Saksena DN (2010): Seasonal variations in water quality and major threats to Ramsagar reservoir, India. Afric. J. Environ. Sci. and Technol. 4(2), 061-076.

[14] Krassner SW (2009): The formation and control of emerging disinfection by-products of health concern. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 367, 4077-4095.

[15] Miranda ML, Kim D, Hull AP, Paul CJ and Alicia M (2007): Changes in blood lead levels associated with use of Chloramines in water treatment systems. Environ. Health Perspect. 115 (2), 221-225.

[16] Mishra GV (2011): Microbial load in drinking water and its impact on general health: A report. International Conference on Advances in Ecological Research. MGS University, Bikaner, Rajasthan (India). Dec. 19-21, 2011.