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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Energy Efficient 4-Dimensional Heterogeneous Communication Architecture For Underwater Acoustic Wireless Sensor Networks

[Full Text]



M. Saranya Nair, K. Suganthi



Acoustic Communication, Architectures, Characteristics, Heterogeneous, Motivation, Protocol Stack, Research Topics, Underwater Sensor Networks.



The oceans define our home planet, dominating the major portion of Earth’s surface and significantly affecting the world’s economy. But, only 4% of the ocean is protected in some way compared to 15% of the land which motivates the researchers to explore the ocean in-order to conserve it. Underwater sensor network technologies fetched us with innovative ways to monitor and sense marine environments. In spite of severe technical challenges, Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) have proven its strength with a myriad of applications in the areas of monitoring, disaster, military, navigation, surveillance, archaeology and so on. To make ocean sensor network applications viable, efficient UWSN communication paradigms among the networking components is crucial. This paper summarizes the challenging characteristics and existing communication architectures of underwater sensor networks, hence propose an energy efficient design for an UWSN topology. First of all, the motivation for the development and deployment of UWSNs is presented trailed by the basics of underwater acoustic communications. The protocol stack and the possible network architectures of UWSNs are then discussed. Efficient network designs are then proposed and analyzed for UWSNs. In addition, the article outlines the challenging, open and hot research topics in UWSNs.



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