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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Bioplastic Synthesis Using Banana Peels And Potato Starch And Characterization

[Full Text]



Rizwana Beevi. K, Sameera Fathima. A.R, Thahira Fathima. A.I, Thameemunisa. N, Noorjahan, C.M, Deepika. T.



Bioplastic, Banana Peel, Potato starch, FTIR, Solubility Test, Swelling Test.



Environmental pollution was due to industries, dumping of wastes etc. The plastics are the main threat to environment as they are non-bio-degradable. Based upon the above view, there is a need of sustainable material at the same time biodegradable. Such kind of materials are called “Bio plastics”. Hence an investigation has been carried out to synthesize bioplastic using banana peels and potato starch and also to study its characterization using FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy) analysis, Solubility and Swelling tests. The result of synthesis of bioplastic film from banana peel showed that it was brown and that of potato starch was white in colour. Characterization was carried out by FTIR analysis, The FTIR spectrum was obtained at the wavelength in the range of 400-4000cm-1. The results of Solubility test of synthesized bioplastic from banana peel and potato starch revealed that it was completely soluble in sulphuric acid, acetone, ethyl alcohol, acetic acid, partially soluble in ammonia and insoluble in water. The results of swelling test for both bioplastics synthesized showed that there was not much change when soaked in chloroform and methanol. Slight increase in weight was observed when treated with water medium. Hence the synthesized bioplastic material has the substantial properties like little or zero engorgement and insolubility in water makes it worth for commercial viability and use of renewable resource (banana and potato) will be the best raw material for bioplastics synthesis.



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