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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Analysis Of Priority Literacy Determination In Early Childhood Through Analitycal Hierarchy Process (AHP)

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

J D Wardhani, M F Hidayatullah, Asrowi, Wiranto, Nizam

 

KEYWORDS

literacy, early childhood, AHP, priority criterias

 

ABSTRACT

Children's language development dramatically influences their literacy abilities. Appropriate literacy stimulation is believed to have a positive impact on children's literacy abilities. The purpose of this study is to determine the priority order of the most important criteria of literacy skills in children so that the priority order shows which criteria of stimulation should be optimized. This research is a qualitative descriptive study using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach. The AHP approach is carried out by analyzing the pairwise comparison analysis of each criterion. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a decision-making system to determine priorities from 5 main criteria that play a role in developing children's literacy abilities. The five main principles studied, namely the understanding language, phonological awareness, basic reading skills, necessary writing skills, and reading motivation. By knowing the priority criteria, the development of early childhood literacy stimulation will be more effective. It means that it is necessary to develop a stimulation development model using the priority scale of completion. One of the best is to use AHP.

 

REFERENCES

The discussion that has been presented in this paper concludes that the use of the AHP method is very effective and efficient in helping to determine the priority criteria to be developed. The conclusion of the AHP analysis and weighting above can be concluded that the criteria can understand language (0.306). This is because of the ability to understand language will underlie the ability to read, so the main space for stimulation of children for literacy needs to be through the emphasis on the ability to understand language. The basic ability to write (0.243) and phonological awareness (0.241) can be developed together. Basic reading ability (0.137) and reading interest/motivation (0.072) are the criteria that become the next priority. For achieving optimal results, the development of children's literacy needs to be followed by determining the performance indicators in each criterion. The linkage between the priority indicators for each criterion will be very interesting to follow up so that the increase in stimulation in the development of early childhood literacy can run effectively in the future.

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