International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Biosynthesis: Physical And Chemical Characterization Of Silver Nanoparticles Using Leaf Extract Of Pergularia Daemia And Its Antimicrobial Activity

[Full Text]



K. Sowmiya, J. Thomas Joseph Prakash



Antibacterial Activity, Antifungal Activity, Pergularia Daemia, Silver nanoparticles.



The recent study deals with the synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles bounded to pergularia daemia plant extract silver nanoparticles ( PD @ Ag-Nps) was characterized by PXRD, UV-Vis, FESEM and EDX, FTIR, DLS. The highly stable PD @ Ag-NPs was found promising as antibacterial and antifungal agents when tested against human pathogens Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans, Candida vulgaris respectively. Conclusion, the antibacterial and antifungal properties of the synthesized AgNps from pergularia daemia act as major therapeutic drug for microbial infections disease and other health associated disorders.



[1] Anbukkarasi M, Thomas PA, Sundararajan M Geraldine P. “Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and in vitro antioxidant activity of the ethanolic extract of the leaves of Tabernaemontana divaricate”, Pharmacogn J. 2016;8:451-458.
[2] Biswas A, Debnath A, Giri K, Acharya S Gautam M. “ Determination of the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Azadirachta indica extract”, Int J Pharm Eng. 2015;3:562-573.
[3] Kyaw BM, Arora S and Lim CS. “ Bactericidal antibiotic-phytochemical combinations against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus” , Braz J Microbiol. 2012;43:938–945.
[4] Okwu DE. “ Phytochemicals and vitamin content of indigenous spices of South Eastern Nigeria”, J Sustainable Agri Environ. 2004;6, 30-37.
[5] Cameron M, Gagnier J, Little C, Parsons T, Blümle A, Chrubasik S. “Evidence of effectiveness of herbal medicinal products in the treatment of arthritis” , Part 1: Osteoarthritis. Phytother Res. 2009;23:1497-1515.
[6] Odugbemi T. “ Outlines and pictures of medicinal plants from Nigeria” , University of Lagos Press; 2006;pp.53-64.
[7] Saini R, Saini S, Sharma S. “Nanotechnology: the future medicine”, J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2010;3:32-33.
[8] Zhang XF, Liu ZG, Shen W, Gurunathan S. “ Silver nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization, properties, applications, and therapeutic approaches” , Int J Mol Sci. 2016;17:1534.
[9] Iravani S, Korbekandi H, Mirmohammadi SV and Zolfaghari B. “Synthesis of silver nanoparticles: chemical, physical and biological methods”, Res Pharm Sci. 2014; 9:385-406.
[10] Khan AK, Rashid R, Murtaza G, Zahra A. “Gold nanoparticles: synthesis and applications in drug delivery”, Trop J Pharm Res. 2014;13:1169-1177.
[11] Xu ZP, Zeng QH, Lu GQ and Yu AB. “ Inorganic nanoparticles as carriers for efficient cellular delivery”, Chem Eng Sci. 2006;61:1027-1040.
[12] Obot I, Umoren S, Johnson A. “Green synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Red Apple (Malus domestica) fruit extract at room temperature”, J Mater Environ Sci. 2014;5:907-914.
[13] Borase HP, Salunke BK, Salunkhe RB, Patil CD, Hallsworth JE, Kim BS, Patil SV. “Plant extract: apromising biomatrix for ecofriendly, controlled synthesis of silver nanoparticles”, Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2014;73:1–29.
[14] Sahayaraja K, Rajesh S, JM Rathib. “Silver nanoparticles biosynthesis using marine alga Padina Pavonica (Linn.) and its microbicidal activity”, Digest J Nanomater Bios. 2012;7:1557-1567.
[15] Thakur K, Bala I, Rajeshwer, Devi M, Bhatt AK. “Evaluation of Effectiveness of Biologically Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles of Eucalyptus globules Leaf Extract against Pathogenic and Acne-inducing Bacteria”, J of Nanomed Nanotechnol. 2017;8:443.
[16] Upreti A, Byanju B, Fuyal M, Chhetri A, Pandey P, Ranjitkar R, Bhatta JJ, Pandey BP. “Evaluation of α- amylase, lipase inhibition and in-vivo pharmacological activities of Eucalyptus camaladulensis Dehnh leaf extract”, J Tradit Complemen Med. 2018.
[17] Mahboubi M. “Mentha spicata L. essential oil, phytochemistry and its effectiveness in flatulence”, J Tradit Complemen Med. 2018.
[18] Swargiary M, Mitra A, Halder D and Kumar S. “Fruit extract capped colloidal silver nanoparticles and their application in reduction of methylene blue dye”, Biocata. Biotransformation. 2018;37 (3):183-189. https://doi.org/10.1080/10242422.2018.1508283.
[19] Basumatary K, Daimary P, Das S.K, Thapa M, Singh M, Mukherjee A, Kumar S. “Lagerstroemia speciosa fruit-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles and its application as filler in agar based nanocomposite films for antimicrobial food packaging”, Food packaging shelf. 2018; 17:99-106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fpsl.2018.06.003.
[20] Kumar S, Shukla A, Baul PP, Mitra A, Halder D. “Biodegradable hybrid nanocomposites of chitosan/gelatin and silver nanoparticles for active food packaging applications”, Food packaging shelf. 2018;17:178-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fpsl.2018.03.008.
[21] Lokina S, Stephen A, Kaviyarasan V, Arulvasu C, Narayanan V. “ Cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activities of green synthesized silver nanoparticles”, European J Med Chem. 2014;76:256–263.
[22] Chandrasekara A, Daugelaite J, Shahidi F. “DNA scission and LDL cholesterol oxidation inhibition and antioxidant activities of Bael (Aegle marmelos) flower extracts”, J Tradit Complemen Med. 2018; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcme.2017.08.010.
[23] Rao JK, Paria S. “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from aqueous Aegle marmelos leaf extract”, Mater Res Bull. 2013;48:628–634.
[24] Shanmugam N, Rajkamal P, Cholan , Kannadasan, N. Sathishkumar, K. Viruthagiri,
[25] G. Sundaramanickam A. “ Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles from the marine seaweed
[26] Sargassum wightii and their antibacterial activity against some human pathogens”, Appl.
[27] Nanosci. 4 (2014) 881–888.
[28] Vijayaraghavan K, Kamala Nalini S.P, Udaya Prakash N, Madhankumar D. “Biomimetic synthesis of silver nanoparticles by aqueous extract of Syzygium aromaticum”,
[29] Colloids Surf. B 94 (2012) 114–117.
[30] Bar H, Bhui D. Kr, Sahoo G.P, Sarkar P, De S. P, Misra A. “ Green synthesis of silver
[31] nanoparticles using latex of Jatropha curcas”, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng.
[32] Aspects 339 (2009) 134–139.
[33] Kittel. Charles. “ Introduction to Solid State Physics”, John Wiley & Sons Inc, Eighted, 1992.
[34] S.S. Shankar, A. Ahmad, M. Sastry. “Geranium leaf assisted biosynthesis of silver
[35] Nanoparticles”, Biotechnol. Progr. 19 (2003) 1627–1631.