IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 2, February 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Validity And Reliability Of The Emphaty Scale Construction

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Mu’mina Kurniawati S. J. Kahar, Fatwa Tentama

 

KEYWORDS

Empathic Concern, Empathy, Fantacy, Perspective Taking, Partial Least Square, Personal Distress, School

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to describe empathy in the educational context, to analyze the construct validity and reliability of the empathy scale, and to find aspects that make up the construct of the empathy scale. Empathy is measured by four aspects: perspective taking, fantacy, personal distress and empathic concern. The subjects in this study were 59 high school X students. This study was analyzed using the Smart PLS 3.2.8 program with reflective constructs through the 2nd order CFA. Based on the analysis of construct validity and construct reliability, the aspects and indicators that make up empathy are valid and reliable. This shows that all aspects and indicators are able to reflect and shape empathy. The dominant aspect that affects the construction of empathy is personal distress. The lowest aspect that affects the construction of empathy is fantacy. Thus the model can be accepted because the theory that describes empathy is in accordance with the empirical data obtained.

 

REFERENCES

[1] D. Charbonneau, and A.A. Nicol, “Emotional Intelligence and Prosocial Behaviors in Adolescents,” Psychological Reports, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 361-370, 2002, doi:10.2466/pr0.2002.90.2.361.
[2] P. Noller and M. Ruzzene, “The Effects of Cognition and Affect on Marital Communication,” Cognition in Close Relationships, pp. 203-233, 1991.
[3] M. A. Musick and J. Wilson, “Volunteering and Depression: The Role of Psychological and Social Resources in Different Age Groups,” Social Science & Medicine, vol. 56, no. 2, pp: 259-269, 2003, doi:10.1016/s0277-9536(02)00025-4.
[4] E. J. Lawrence, P. Shaw, D. Baker, S. Baron-Cohen, and A.S. David, “Measuring Empathy: Reliability and Validity of The Empathy Quotient,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 911-920, 2004, doi:10.1017/s0033291703001624.
[5] M. Borba, Building Moral Intelligence: The Seven Key Benefits of Highly Moral Children (in Indonesia). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2008.
[6] R.A. Baron and D. Byrne, Social Psychology (Volume 2) (in Indonesia). Jakarta: Erlangga, 2005.
[7] T.P. Alloway, E. Copello, M. Loesch, C. Soares, J. Watkins, D. Miller, G. .Campell, A. Tarter, N. Law, C. Soares, and S. Ray, “Investigating the Reliability and Validity of the Multidimensional Emotional Empathy Scale,’’ Measurement, vol. 90, pp. 438-442, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2016.05.014.
[8] W.G. Stephan and K. Finlay, ‘’The Role of Empathy in Improving Intergroup Relations,’’ Journal of Social Issues, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 729-743, 1999, https://doi.org/10.1111/0022-4537.00144.
[9] J.R. Blair, Robert, L. Jones, F. Clark, and M. Smith, ‘’The Psychopathic Individual: A Lack of Responsiveness to Distress Cues?,’’ Psychophysiology, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 192-198, 1997, http://doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.1997.tb02131.x.
[10] W.L. Lahami, ‘’Relationship between Family Environment and Empathy Behavior of Grade X Students of Senior High School Tibawa, Gorontalo Regency,’’ Doctoral Dissertation., Universitas Negeri Gorontalo., Gorontalo., 2014.
[11] S.R. Miller, ‘’A Curriculum Focused on Informed Empathy Improves Attitudes Toward Persons with Disabilities,’’ Perspectives on Medical Education, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 114-125, 2013, http://doi:10.1007/s40037-013-0046-3.
[12] G. Aprilia, S. Yuwono, and S. Psi, ‘’Empathy with New Employees Addicted to Gadgets,’’ Doctoral Dissertation., Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta., Surakarta., 2019.
[13] N.D. Feshbach, and S. Feshbach, ‘’Empathy Training and the Regulation of Aggression: Potentialities and Limitations,’’ Academic Psychology Bulletin, vol. 4, pp. 399-413, 1982.
[14] S. Feshbach, Aggression Carmichael'smanual of Child Psychology. New York: Wiley, vol. 2, pp. 159-259, 1970.
[15] R.D. Parke and R.G. Slaby, The development of aggression. In E. M. Hetherington (Ed.), Manual of child psychology. NewYork: Wiley, vol 4, pp. 549-641, 1983.
[16] P.A. Miller, and N. Eisenberg, ‘’The Relation of Empathy to Aggressive and Externalizing/antisocial Behavior,’’ Psychological Bulletin, vol. 103, no. 3, pp. 324–344, 1988, doi:10.1037/0033-2909.103.3.324.
[17] G. Steffgen, A. König, J. Pfetsch, and A. Melzer, ‘’The Role of Empathy for Adolescents' Cyberbullying Behaviour,’’ Pedagogical Quarterly, vol. 214, no. 4, pp. 183-198, 2009.
[18] M.H. Davis, ‘’Measuring Individual Differences in Empathy: Evidence for a Multidimensional Approach,’’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 113, 1983, https://doi:10.1037/0022-3514.44.1.113.
[19] E. Hurlock, Child Development Volume 2 (in Indonesia). Jakarta: Erlangga, 1999.
[20] S.J. Howard and E. Howard, EQ Explosion: 15 Basic Principles of Emotional Intelligence Achieving Success (in Indonesia). Bandung: Kaifa, 2004.
[21] J. Gottman, Raising an Emotionally Intelligent Child: The Heart of Parenting. New York : Rockefeller Center, 1997.
[22] J.W. Santrok, Child Development Volume 1 Eleventh Edition (in Indonesia). Jakarta: Erlangga, 2007.
[23] E. Kerem, N. Fishman, and R. Josselson, ‘’The Experience of Empathy in Everyday Relationships: Cognitive and Affective Elements,’’ Journal of Social & Personal Relationships, vol. 18, pp. 709-729, 2001, https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407501185008.
[24] K. De Corte, A. Buysse, L.L. Verhofstadt, H. Roeyers, K. Ponnet, and M.H. Davis, “Measuring Empathic Tendencies: Reliability and Validity of the Dutch Version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index,’’ Psychologica Belgica, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 235-260, 2007, http://doi.org/10.5334/pb-47-4-235.
[25] M.H. Davis, “A Multidimensional Approach to Individual Differences in Empathy,’’ 1980.
[26] S. Pulos, J. Elison, and R. Lennon, ‘’The Hierarchical Structure of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index,’’ Social Behavior and Personality, vol. 32, pp. 355-359, 2004, doi:10.2224/sbp.2004.32.4.355.
[27] H. Latan, Structural Equation Modeling Concepts and Applications Using LISREL 8,80 (in Indonesia). Bandung: Alfabeta, 2012.
[28] S. Azwar, Reliability and Validity. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1997.
[29] J.F. Hair, W.C. Black, B.J. Babin, and R.E. Anderson, Multivariate Data Analysis Seventh Edition. Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River: New Jersey, 2010.
[30] H.M. Jogiyanto, Concept and Application Structural Equation Modeling Based on Variants in Business Research (in Indonesia). Yogyakarta: UPP STIM YKPN, 2011.
[31] J. Hartonoand W. Abdillah, Concept and Application of PLS (Partial Least Square) for Empirical Research (in Indonesia). Yogyakarta: BPFE, 2009.
[32] K. Péloquin, and M.F. Lafontaine, “Measuring Empathy in Couples: Validity and Reliability of The Interpersonal Reactivity Index for Couples,’’ Journal Of Personality Assessment, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 146-157, 2010, doi:10.1080/00223890903510399.
[33] A.L. Gilet, N. Mella, J. Studer, D. Grühn, and G. Labouvie-Vief, ‘’Assessing Dispositional Empathy in Adults: A French Validation of The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI),’’ Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 42, 2013, doi:10.1037/a0030425.