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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 2, February 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Combined Multi-Path And Clustered Routing In Wireless Sensor Network For Efficient Load Balancing

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

R.Anandha Lakshmi, Dr.T.Suresh

 

KEYWORDS

wireless sensor network, hybrid routing, hierarchical clustering, multi path routing, hop count.

 

ABSTRACT

Many of limitations and issues in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) arise mainly because of the limited availability of energy or processing and storage capacity. Due to this limitation all the operations in the WSN aims at conserving the energy by reducing the consumption in the network and must much of energy is spend in general to send data packets from the cluster heads and receiver station in a cluster-based routing approach. This paper focus on proposing an efficient routing technique aimed at balancing the energy expenditure in the network. The proposed routing approach follows a hybrid routing strategy where a hierarchical clustering scheme divides the network in to clusters and data packets are received by the cluster head from the sensor nodes and then they are forwarded to the base station using a multi-path routing scheme. The sensor nodes belonging to a cluster sends their sensed data to cluster heads present with in the same cluster via a one-to-one communication. The data from head node to the control or base station will be forwarded through intermediate cluster heads. The multi-path routing scheme estimates multiple routes between a cluster head and base station. Then selects an optimal path based on multiple factors including total remaining energy available in the intermediate cluster heads, count of data packets already waiting in the forward and send buffer and the hop count between the head node and control station. The overall performance of the routing approach is found to be better when compared to the single path routing.

 

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