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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 2, February 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Family Environment And Substance Use Among University Students

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Kidist Tesfaye Gebremariam , Tarika Sandhu

 

KEYWORDS

Communication, Conflict, Cohesion, Family environment; Prevalence, Substance use; University students

 

ABSTRACT

Family environment represents a significant, but largely ignored area of research in the context of Ethiopia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impacts of family environment on substance use among Kotebe Metropolitan University Students. Institutional based Cross-sectional explanatory research design, which enables to collect large data in narrowed time, was employed in this study. Data were collected from questionnaires filled by 351 students recruited from five colleges using stratified random sampling technique. Subscales of Family Environment Scale with specific to family cohesion, family communication and family conflict were used to measure participant’s perceived opinions regarding to the climate of their family. Substance use Questionnaire was also used to assess students’ level of substance use. Multiple Linear Regression Analysis was carried out as a method of data analysis. The findings of the study revealed that there was high prevalence of substance use among Kotebe Metropolitan University students: 67.80% (n=238) of the participants reported that they have been engaged in substance use, or tried at least once during the past twelve months. Khat (39.91%), Weed (5.46%), Shisha (6.30 %), Cigarette (13.86 %) and Poly substances (45%) were the type of substances that were consumed by the students. The regression result depicted that, while family cohesion and family communication were inversely and significantly associated with level of substance use, family conflict was not significantly associated with level of substance use. The implication of this finding is that family environment particularly family conflict and communication should be considered while designing intervention programs of substance use.

 

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