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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 2, February 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The Role Of Various Social Economic Variables To Support Sustainable Practices: Study In The Smallholder Rubber Plantations In North Sumatera

[Full Text]



Tri Martial, Mhd. Asaad, Indra Gunawan



rubber plantations, local custom, sustainable, socio-economic, institutions.



The research aims to understand the influence of various social-economic variables in the practice of fertilizing smallholder rubber plantation into sustainable agriculture in North Sumatra. A quantitative descriptive method was applied to understand the various social-economic issues that support their rubber plantation sustainability. Some social economy variables as independent variables are farmer's age, number of dependents, education, land area, land status, rubber age, seedling source, seedling quality, and seedling planter. The dependent variable is the fertilization treatment of compost and manure as a sustainable behavior. The analysis was conducted with a Chi-square test to determine the relationship of the independent variable with the dependent variable. The results showed that fertilization behavior determined by land area, land status, source of seedling, quality of seedlings, and planter. These findings suggest that efforts to go on sustainable by doing fertilization will be made by the farmer when they can increase revenue confidently. Besides, it shows farmers with extensive land tenure tend not to fertilize due to resource limitations.



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