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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Democracy And Egypt: Two Dichotomies!

[Full Text]



Sobia Jamil, Syed Zohaib Abbas Rizvi



Orthodoxy, Secularism, Constitution, Democracy, Theocracy



Democratic transition in Egypt has been discussed in worldwide literature. What was initially a promise of change in the norms of the theocratic state has finally gone back to the old days of dictatorial rule. A brief period of democratic rule was the byproduct of the 2012 free and fair elections. The successful government of the conservative political organization Muslim Brotherhood struggled to cope up with the contemporary socio-economic demands of a nation state. Morsi tried to strengthen his position by containing the powers of judiciary, but this move back fired. Massive protests engulfed Cairo and the inevitable happened. General Sisi stepped in and started another dictatorial rule. Egyptian politics has started allowing other parties and candidates to contest the presidential elections, but the levels of rigging are so high that a genuine participant ends up withdrawing his candidature leaving the field open to the whim of the dictators. The democratic norms of Egypt reflect the culture of an Arab state. Democracy takes time to flourish as its roots gradually transcend deep into the society. Egypt must abide by the rules of human rights including the rights to gather and free speech.



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