International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 2, February 2013 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Developing The Language And Reading Competence Of The First Year CBEA Students At The Cagayan State University Andrews Campus

[Full Text]



Julia T. Cardona



Situation: - Alleviating the low performance of the first year CBEA students (A, B, C, D, and E) in language and reading. The unsatisfactory performance of students in language and reading in both oral and written tests result during class exercises and major examinations under my class called my attention. Troubled by the problem, I contemplated to find ways on how to assist the students to improve their language reading skills. It is hoped that after undergoing various exercises in preparation to use language with ease and do difficult reading tests the students would no longer regard English as complicated subject. The mastery and adeptness of the different techniques in preparation for taking language tests and reading comprehension exams would lead to students’ self-fulfillment.



Abstract: - The emphasis of this study is to find ways on how to assist students in improving their language skills and reading comprehension as well. The focus will be both in language and reading. This would help the students ascertain and apply the rules in the target language and be able to utilize them with ease and enjoyment. Reading is the process of identifying and understanding the meaning of characters and words in written or printed material. Reading for comprehension and study skills are emphasized for many different purposes. The developed skills, information, and attitudes are necessary for proper adjustment to the community and the society (Chall 2009). Basically the subjects taught in the lower level like reading, writing, and spelling would prepare the learners in a more challenging stage like reading for learning and earning. The difficulty of learners to attack challenging reading material would be eliminated once they develop skills in reading. The techniques used in the class would not be an overnight solution to the problem but it would serve as a stepping stone for the students to enjoy reading not only for learning but for pleasure and enjoyment .On the other hand, as students are guided to do reading with adeptness, they shall be reinforcing some basic rules in the language. In so doing, I am positive of a successful outcome. I have noted all the difficulties of my students every time we had speaking activities. One of the most difficult activities they encountered was the time they have to interview their classmates and be able to introduce at least five members of the class. I instructed them to use the target language as they mill around. To my dismay, they have taken pens and paper and silently go around (whispering to one another) writing the names of their classmates and some pieces of information about them. They admitted that they asked information using their native tongue. I also gathered their test results in reading which served as my basis of designing helpful exercises for them to develop the skill. I've started giving easy exercises that progressed to difficult types. I have integrated grammar recalls in all the reading comprehension tests that I designed. From my analysis of the test result, students performed well in the literal level of comprehension but had failed to do excellent responses from interpretative to analytical level. I did daily observations on my students' activities that motivated me to do item analyze one of their major examinations. Before I gave back their test paper, I tabulated the correct responses they have taken from all the test items. I have treated the result of the different tests using the total percentage to ascertain the level of students' learning. In the Philippines, the passing mark of a student is 75%. The CBEA students in sections A to E are the first five sections who were grouped as homogenous sections in terms of general averages ranging mostly from 85% above and some were the high school graduates who emerged with distinctive honors. Though they have shown a good rating in the grammar test, it is not a remarkable rate to say they have established a good grasp at the target language. The low ratings in the comprehension tests manifested that the students' reading skill has not been excellently developed. It is at this juncture that I recommend that students must undergo extensive reading program with integrated vocabulary and grammar reviews if the teachers aim for an outstanding result. The teachers and students must pay attention to any new words encountered by using the dictionary or thesaurus. It is also helpful to study word parts and learn how to find the meaning of a word from the context. It is further suggested that teachers in the language program should find suitable materials for students to suit their needs.



[1]. Alex V. Abelos, Roel P. Anicas, Leonardo P. Apilis, Rosemary T. Basbas, Yolanda S. Lao, Sofia G. Ligawen, Linda E. Platero, and Aurea E. Reyes. “Essentials of Study and Thinking Skills”, pp. 46-68. Malabon City, Phils: Mutya Publishing House, Inc., 2008.

[2]. Garry Adams and Terry Peck. “Reading Exercises.” Useful Exercises for IELTS International Edition, pp.18-24. Sydney, Australia: Adams & Austen Press, 2001.

[3]. Jeanne S. Chall and Stahl Steven. “Reading.” Microsoft Student 2009 (DVD).

[4]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2008. 10 Jan. 2012.

[5]. Eileen Ferrance. “Action Research.” LAB at Brown University, www.lab.brown.edu Copyright 2000. 07 Jan. 2012.

[6]. Jane L. Hollis. Action Research on “The Effect of Technology on Enthusiasm for Learning Science.” Lake Middle School, Lake City Florida

[7]. Eracem A. Pablo, Carolina T. Gonzales, Ferdilyn C. Lacia, and Arnold E. Barroga. “Functional Text in English 1”, pp.44-80. Quezon City, Phils. Lorimar Publishing Co., Inc.,2002