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IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 4, April 2014 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Calculation Of Radius And Energy Of Smallest Particle In The Universe

[Full Text]



Sastry V. Emani





Abstract: This theory predicts the existence of smallest particle Pe. Proposes calculations of smallest particle radius possible in the universe and to calculate the limit of maximum energy any particle can attain using Planck Maxwell and Einsteinís equations along with some fundamental assumptions. This theory shows that the equations involved for calculation of Energy of the smallest particle derived from only of Physical Constants. This information may help lead to the fundamental question of where the universe began and might lead to new discoveries.



[1]. ^ The values are given in the so-called concise form; the number in brackets is the standard uncertainty, which is the value multiplied by the relative standard uncertainty.

[2]. Jump up ^ P.J. Mohr, B.N. Taylor, and D.B. Newell (2011), "The 2010 CODATA Recommended Values of the Fundamental Physical Constants" (Web Version 6.0). This database was developed by J. Baker, M. Douma, and S. Kotochigova. Available: http://physics.nist.gov/constants [Thursday, 02-Jun-2011 21:00:12 EDT]. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899.

[3]. ^ Latest (2010) Values of the Constants; NIST, 2011.

[4]. ^ CODATA ó Planck length

[5]. ^ CODATA ó Planck constant over 2 pi

[6]. Table 1 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_of_light

[7]. Table 2 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planck_length

[8]. Table 3 from Planckís constant and variation table from the section heading Black body Radiation, http://physics.info/planck/

[9]. Planck's Energy info taken from: In physics, Planck energy, denoted by EP, is the unit of energy in the system of natural units known as Planck units.

[10]. Gravitational constant info was taken from: Where c is the speed of light in a vacuum, is the reduced Planck's constant, and G is the gravitational constant. EP is a derived, as opposed to basic, Planck unit. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravitational_constant

[11]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planck_units

[12]. Principle of semiconductor devices; Chapter 1; Review of Modern Physics; http://ecee.colorado.edu/~bart/book/book/chapter1/ch1_eq.htm#eq1_2_2

[13]. Mr. Kentís Chemistry Page; http://www.kentchemistry.com/links/AtomicStructure/waveequations.htm