An Assessment Of Plateau Environmental Protection And Sanitation Agency (Pepsa) As A Waste Management Institution In Jos City, Nigeria.
Ogboji Frederick Eche, Ali Andesikuteb Yakubu, Vivan Ezra Lekwot, Danjuma Andembutop Kwesaba, Sohotden, Christopher Daniel
Index Terms: PEPSA, Solid waste, Dumpsites, Disposal, Municipal, Human health, Waste collection.
Abstract: Municipal solid waste constitutes man’s unwanted materials that need to be discarded. It is consisting of substances, materials and objects considered as worthless or defective and of no value for human economic productive activities –at a point in time. Apart from constituting an eye sore to urban environment it constitute health hazards and threatens the health of man and animals in the city. This research attempts an assessment of the performance of Plateau Environmental agency, the research made use of both primary and secondary data. Data generated was analyzed using descriptive statistics, while inferential technique of chi-square was used to test the research hypothesis. Results obtained shows that majority of the respondents were traders (34.3%) with secondary education (36%). Forty-five percent (45%) of landuse type responsible for waste generation is residential that 42% of waste generated is mostly ashes. Majority of waste containers used are plastic (33%) and that 52% of respondents are aware of PEPSA activities in their locations. A focus group discussion (FGD) shaded more light on the prospect and limitations of PEPSA. The research concludes that there is the need to overhaul methods of municipal solid waste collection and disposal in metropolitan Jos. Relevant recommendations were made in respect of the study area.
 Abumere, S.I. and Filani, M.O. (1998) forecasting solid magnitude for Nigerian cities, paper presented at the national conference on Development and environment, NISER Ibadan.
 Adesina, H.O. (1983): Urban environmental and epidemic diseases. Proceedings of National Conference on Development, Ibadan.
 Adejoke, D.S. (1989) Waste management within the context of sustainable development. Proceedings of National Conference on Development and Environment Ibadan.
 Afro J.T (2009): A Computational model for solid waste management with Application. European journal of operational research.6(1):23-31
 Al-Khatib, I.A. and Arafat, H.A (2010): Trends and problems of solid management in developing Countries: A case study in seven Palestinian distracts. Waste management 27(12):1910-1919.
 Batool, S.A.(2009) Municipal solid waste management in Lahore city district, Pakistan. Waste management 29(1):1971-1981.
 Bovea, M.D and Powell, J.C (2007): The role played by environmental factors in a municipal solid waste management system. Waste management 27 (4):545- 553
 Bovea, M.D (2008) Alternative scenarios to meet the demands of sustainable waste management. Journal of environmental management 79(2):115-132
 Burton, E. and Mpinga, O. (2000): Consequences of refuse disposal in the tropical world, Nairobi. Macmillan publishers.
 Cofrey M. (2004): Towards Sustainable solid waste management systems in developing countries. MCA-Manus Coffery associates Ltd.
 Contreau S. (1994) Environmental management of urban solid waste management in developing countries. The world bank
 Egunjobi, T.O, (1983): problems of solid waste management in Nigeria
 Urban Cities. A paper presented at the National Conference on Development and Environment Lagos, Nigeria.
 Egunjobi, T.O (1993): problems of solid waste management in Nigerian urban centres. Development and the environment. Proceedings of a Nigerian Conference, Institutes of Social Economic Research, Ibadan
 Falade, J.B (1999): Tacking waste disposal problems in developing countries. New Nigerian Newspaper, Friday, June 6th.
 Falade, J.B. (2001): Problems and prospects of waste management in developing countries New Nigeria newspaper. Wednesday April 8th.
 Federal Ministry of Environment (2000): Blue print on municipal solid waste management in Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria.
 FEPA 1998 (Federal environment protection agency, 1998 National Policy on the Environment. Nigeria.
 Hanks, T. (1997): Solid waste disease relationship. U.S Dept. of Health Education and Welfare, Washingtion DC.
 Huang, G. and Sal-Lim (2011) : violation analysis for solid waste management systems an interval fuzzy programming approach journal, of environment management 65(4), 431-446
 Khatib A. B, Alhassan M.U (2010): Solid waste collection by the private sector: household Perspective, findings from a study in Dar er Salam City, Tanzania. Kunitoshi S. (2000): improvement of solid waste: problems and solutions. CRC Press.
 Landetti, R.E, Rebers, P.A (1997): municipal solid waste: problems and solutions. CRC Press.
 Massoud, M and El-Fadel, (2002): Public private partnership for solid waste management services. Environmental management 30(5): 621-630.
 Michael S. (2002): Solid waste management practices in developing countries vanguard, July 16 p. 27
 Miller, G.T. (1985): living in the investment: concepts problems and alternatives. 4th edition. Wads worth publishing company inc. bamout California.
 Okechukwu, E. and Nwosu, O.C (2000): Towards effective abatement of indiscriminate solid waste disposal in Imo State. A paper presented at the workshop on Environmental Sanitation and Proper Waste Management in Imo State.
 Okechukwu, G.C (1995): Urban waste in Nigeria. Significance and management. A key note address presented at the 1995 Biennial conference of ecologist of Nigeria, held at the university of Jos.
 Olaore, G.O. (1983): Urban cultural basis of our environmental crisis in Nigeria. Nigeria Institute of Social and Economic Research, Ibadan, Oyo state
 Onokerhoraye, A.G (1997): Public involvement in urban development planning: The population Census of the federal republic of Nigeria analytical Report at the national level Abuja.
 Rushton, L. (2003): Health hazards and waste management. British medical Bulletin 68(2):187-197.
 Sharholy, M. (2008): Municipal solid waste in Indian cities: A review. Waste management 28(2): 459 – 467.
 Simoes, P. and Margues (2008): Measuring performance of urban Portuguese solid waste services. In performance assessment of urban infrastructure services. IWA publishing, London UK
 Plateau State Environmental action plan (PSEAP) 2003: finding Report prepared for Federal Environmental Protection Agency: The Presidency,Abuja.
 Thone, K. (1996): Waste management in developing countries. Proceeding of Fifth International Recycling Congress, Belin
 Williams, P. (2005) Waste Treatment and disposal. Chichester. John Wiley and sons.