Urban Risk Reduction Through Effective Disaster Management Plan-A Case Study Of Shimla City, Himachal Pradesh, India
Key words: Shimla, governance, urban, disaster risk, exposure, vulnerability, plan
Abstract: By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. In India the urban population has increased from 217 million to 377 million in last two decades .With increasing population the associated risk and vulnerability has also increased. As cities continue to grow, there is increased pressure on resources; exposure of lives, livelihoods and economic, social and environmental assets to risk is set to increase exponentially. Recognised as one of the best cities for public services and one of the oldest Municipal Corporation in India, Shimla city is situated at the traverse spur of the Central Himalayas at 31004' N to 31010' N latitude and 77005' E to 77015' E longitude, at an altitude of 2397.59 m metres amsl. This paper aims at underlying the role of Shimla Municipal Corporation (SMC) as local government in managing disasters in the city along with effective planning and risk assessments.
 Department of Environment, Science and Technology (2012) .State strategy and action plan on climate change, Himachal Pradesh.
 Geological Survey of India (2010). Report on Landslide at Northern Slope of Shimla Ridge, Himachal Pradesh.
 Inderscience Publishers. (n.d.). Retrieved January 6, 2015, from http://www.inderscience.com/ info/ inauthor /author_mp.php#sample
 New Climate Economy Report by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate,2014 Retrieved from http://newclimateeconomy.report/
 Shimla Municipal Corporation (2012). Draft Shimla Disaster Management Plan. Shimla, Himachal Pradesh: Retrieved from http://hpsdma.nic.in/DisasterManagement /CDMP_ MC Shimla. pdf #pagemode=bookmarks
 Shimla Municipal Corporation (2011). Shimla City Beautification Plan. Shimla, Himachal Pradesh: Retrieved from http://www.shimlamc.gov.in/file.axd?file=2012%2F5%2F1-SMC+FINAL+DRAFT+DPR+PRESENTATION-MAY.pdf
 Shimla Municipal Corporation (2010).Shimla City Development Plan. Shimla, Himachal Pradesh: Retrieved from http://jnnurm.nic.in/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/CDP_Shimla.pdf
 Shimla Municipal Corporation (2011). Shimla City Sanitation Plan. Shimla, Himachal Pradesh: Retrieved from http://www.shimlamc.gov.in/file.axd? file=2011% 2f10%2f2+R-CityStrategy-Final-111012.pdf
 Town and Country Planning Department (2012). Draft Development Plan for Shimla Planning Area, Himachal Pradesh: Retrieved from http://admis.hp.nic.in/himachal/ tcp/pdf/DPSHIMLA2012_A1b.pdf
 Town and country planning department .Heritage of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
 Uttarakhand Rainfall: Since 1901 and in light of the 2013 disaster. (2013, September 25). Retrieved January 6, 2015, from https://sandrp.wordpress.com /2013/09/25/uttarakhand-rainfall-since-1901-and-in-the-light-of-2013-disaster/