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IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 2, February 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Variability Of Some Soil Properties Along Toposequence On A Basaltic Parent Material Of Vom, Plateau State Nigeria

[Full Text]



Mahmud Abba Tijjani, Izzuddeen Muhammad Hassan



basaltic parent material, soil properties, toposequence, variability



Topography influences the distribution of soil physico-chemical properties. This study assessed soil properties variation resulting from topographic aspect on basaltic parent material at Vom Jos Plateau State in the Southern Guinea zone of Nigeria in order to understand the general soil behaviour, degree of development, nutrients availability and its response to management activites. The result revealed variations in soil properties among the landscape segments which were probably due to the toposequence characteristics in soils. The samples were collected at depth of 0-15cm and 15-30cm, parceled, labeled and taken to laboratory for analysis of the selected for analysis. Clay, silt and gravel contents were moderately variable (CV=22.9%, 15.42% and 32.55% respectively), while sand showed less variability (CV=8.47%). Organic carbon showed high variability (CV=38.08%) while soil pH in (H2O and CaCl2) showed less spatial variability (with CV=4.91% & 6.45% respectively). Available phosphorus has high variability (CV=37.59%). Magnesium, K and Ca showed high spatial variability (CV=42.60%, 35.85%, & 35.84% respectively), while Na and exchange acidity were moderately variable (CV=24.39% & 24.27% respectively). However, no regular pattern was observed in the distribution of the studied parameters. Therefore, further studies might be required to fully understand and clarify the influence of aspect, topography and vegetation types on soil properties for site-specific soil resource management practices in the study area.



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