International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 2, February 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

RJD: A Cost Effective Frackless Solution For Production Enhancement In Marginal Fields

[Full Text]



Ahmed Kamel



Drilling, completion, radial jet, laterals, horizontal, coiled tubing, impact force, hydraulics.



With the worldwide trend of low oil prices, high maturity of oil fields, excessive cost of horizontal and fracking technologies, and necessity for green drilling applications, radial jet drilling (RJD) technology can be a cost effective and environmentally-friendly alternative. RJD is an unconventional drilling technique that utilizes coiled tubing conveyed tools and the energy of high velocity jet fluids to drill laterals inside the reservoir. In recent years, rapid advances in high pressure water jet technology has tremendously increased its application in oil and gas industry not only in drilling operations to improve drilling rate and reduce drilling cost, but also in production to maximize hydrocarbon recovery. In addition, RJD can be used to bypass near wellbore damage, direct reservoir treatments/injections, improve water disposal and re-injection rates, and assist in steam or CO2 treatments. This paper highlights the theoretical basis, technological advancement, procedures, applications, and challenges of high pressure water jets. Several worldwide case studies are discussed to evaluate the success, results, pros, and cons of RJD. The results show that nearly an average of four to five fold production increase can be obtained. The present paper clearly shows that radial jet drilling is a viable and attractive alternative in marginal and small reservoirs that still have significant oil in place to capture the benefits of horizontal drilling/fracking and to improve productivity from both new wells and/or workover wells that cannot be produced with the existing expensive conventional completions.



[1] Brooks, N., Summers, D. A. 1969. The Penetration of Rock by High-speed Water Jets. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. Vol. 6, 249-258. Pergamon Press. Printed in Great Britain.

[2] Birtu, C., Avramescu, V. 2012. Abrasive Water Jet Cutting-Technique, Equipment, Performances. ICTCM-Mechanical Engineering and Research Institute, Bucharest, Romanian Association of Nonconventional Technologies. Romanian Association of Nonconventional Technologies, (16.1): 40-46. Romania, March, 2012.

[3] Pervez, T., Al-Hiddabi, S. A., Al-Yahmadi, A. et al. 2011. Dynamic Analysis and Vibration of Beam inside Annulus for Ultra Short-Radius Water Jet Drilling. Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. College of Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, TJER 2012, Vol. 9, No 1, 55-63. Accepted 17 May 2011.

[4] Dickinson, W. and Dickinson, R. 1985, Horizontal Radial Drilling System, paper SPE 13949 presented at the SPE California Regional Meeting, Bakersfield, California, March 27-29.

[5] Dickinson, W., Pesavento, M., and Dickinson, R. 1990, Data Acquisition, Analysis, and Control while Drilling with Horizontal Water Jet Drilling Systems, Paper SPE 21602 presented at the International Technical Meeting, Calgary, Canada, June 10 13.

[6] Dickinson, W., Dykstra, H., Nordlund, R., and Dickinson, R. 1993, Coiled-Tubing Radials Placed by Water-Jet Drilling: Field Results, Theory, and Practice, paper SPE 26348 presented at the 68th SPE/ATCE, Houston, Texas, October 3-6.

[7] Abdel-Ghany, M. A., Siso, M., Hassan, A. M., Pierpaolo, P., and Roberto, C. 2011, New Technology Application, Radial Jet Drilling Petrobel, First Well in Egypt. Paper SPE 2011-163 presented at the 10th Offshore Mediterranean Conference and Exhibition, Ravenna, Italy, March 23-25.

[8] Cinelli, S. D., Kamel, A. H. 2013. Novel Technique to Drill Horizontal Laterals Revitalizes Aging Field. SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 5-7 March, SPE-163405-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/163405-MS.

[9] Patel, J. K., Shaikh, A. A. 2015. The Influence of Abrasive Water Jet Machining Parameters on Various Responses a Review. Int. J. Mech. Eng & Rob. Res., 4(1). ISSN 2278-0149.

[10] Kamel, Amr. (2016). Radial Drilling Technique for Improving Well Productivity in Petrobel-Egypt. Retrieved June 17, 2016 ( https://www.academia.edu/6805941/Radial_drilling_technique_for_improving_well_productivity_in_petrobel-egypt.

[11] Al-Marahleh, G. 2015. Parameters Controlling Abrasive Water Jet Technology: Erosion And Impact Velocity For Both Ductile And Brittle Materials. Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN), 05(08): 01-07. ISSN (e): 2250-3021, ISSN (p): 2278-8719.

[12] Wells, M. R., Pessier, R. C., Pluere Inc. 2003. The Effects of Bit Nozzle Geometry on the Performance of Drill Bits. AADE Technical Conference, Houston, Texas, 1-3 April. AADE-03-NTCE-51.

[13] Marburn, B., Sinaga, S., Arliyando, A., and Putra, S. 2012, Review of Ultra short-Radius Radial System (URRS), Paper IPTC 14823 presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, February 7-9.

[14] Huanpeng, C., Gensheng, L., Zhongwei, H. et al. 2013. Extending Ability Of Micro-Hole Radial Horizontal Well Drilled By High-Pressure Water Jet. WJTA-IMCA Conference and Expo, Houston, Texas, 9-11 September. http://www.wjta.org/images/wjta/Proceedings/Papers/2013/D1%20-%20LG%20Extending.pdf.

[15] Gensheng, L., Zhongwei, H. 2009. Theoretical and Experimental Study of the Pulling Force Of Jet Bits in Radial Drilling Technology. PETROLEUM SCIENCE 6(4): 395-399. DOI: 10.1007/s12182-009-0060-6.

[16] Ragab, A.M. 2013. Improving well productivity in an Egyptian oil field using radial drilling technique. Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering Vol. 4(5): 103-117 DOI 10.5897/JPGE2013.0153 (Accepted 22 April 2013).

[17] Yonghe, L., Chunjie, W., Lianhai, S. 2000. Application and Development of Drilling and Completion of the Ultrashort-radius Radial Well by High Pressure Jet Flow Techniques. Society of Petroleum Engineers. October 2000. SPE 64756 DOI: 10.2118/64756-MS.

[18] Dickinson, W., Dickinson, R., Herrera, A., Dykstra, H., and Nees, J. 1992, Slim Hole Multiple Radials Drilled with Coiled Tubing, paper SPE 23639 presented at the Second Latin American Petroleum Engineering Conference, II LAPEC, Caracas, Venezuela, March 811.

[19] Bruni, M., Biassotti, H., and Salomone, G. 2007, Radial Drilling in Argentina, Paper SPE 107382 presented at the SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina, April 15 -18.

[20] Kohar, J. P., Gogoi, S. 2014. Radial Drilling Technique For Improving Recovery From Existing Oil Fields. International Journal Of Scientific & Technology Research Volume 3 (11). Issn 2277-8616.

[21] Gang, B., Gensheng, L., Zhonghou, S. et al. 2013. Experimental Research on the Technology of Hydra-Jet Sidetracking of Radial Micro-borehole. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review 6 (5): 137 142. ISSN: 1791-2377. (Received 20 May 2013).

[22] Gidley, J.L., Holditch, S.A., Nierode, D.E., Veatch, R.W. 1989. Recent Advances in Hydraulic Fracturing. Monograph Series, Vol. 12, Richardson, Texas: Textbook Series, SPE.

[23] Towler, B.F. 2002. Fundamental Principles of Reservoir Engineering. Textbook Series, Vol. 8 (3-4), Richardson, Texas: Textbook Series, SPE.

[24] Elliott, S. 2011. Coiled-Tubing Method Drills Radial Laterals To Improve Oil Production From A Depleted Reservoir. NIOC Central Library. World Oil. October 2011.