IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
Scopus/Elsevier
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Atsiri Oil Production Of Tobacco Leaves By Water Distillation Method

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Ni Ketut Sari, Ketut Sumada, Hendrix Abdul Ajiz, Winda Yulniar Fajarriani

 

KEYWORDS

Tobacco Leaves, Cohobation, Water Distillation, Asitri Oil.

 

ABSTRACT

Within Tobacco leaves at the bottom, upper and interrupted by leaves from tobacco trees, are poorly used, whereas their availability is very abundant and continuous. As matter of fact, tobacco leaves contain terpene and terpenoid substances that can be used as one of Atsiri oil production. Atsiri oil is a volatile vegetable oil at room temperature and has a distinctive aroma, consisting of four major groups that predominantly determine the essential oil properties of terpenoid, terpenes, straight-chain compounds, benzene derivatives, and other compounds. The production of Atsiri oils using a water distillation method, which is used to isolate Atsiri oils from tobacco leaves, the characteristic of this water distillation is through contacting the tobacco leaves to boiling water, followed by hydro-diffusion of hot water and Asitri oils through plant membranes. The tobacco leaves should be dried yet to reduce its moisture content, distilled water obtained by distillate in the form of a mixture of water with the Asitri oil component of tobacco characterized by the distinctive aroma of tobacco. while separating Asitri oil components from water, the distillation is added salt NaCl which aims to reduce the solubility of Atsiri oil, so that the Asitri oil component is more easily separated from water, this method is known as Cohobation. For the best yield response step, the optimum condition between the ratio of tobacco and water is 1:17 with the refining time for 8 hours.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Abarca, S. L. F., et. all. 2015. Chemical Composition of Scented Extracts Obtained From Calendula Officinalis By Three Extraction Methods .Mexico. Botani Sciences

[2] Bezi’c N., Valerija. D., and Elma V. 2013. Antiphytoviral Activity of Essential Oils of Some Lamiaceae Species and There Most Important Compounds on CMV and TMV. Croatia. Department Of Biology, Faculty of Natural Science, University Of Split

[3] Coleman, W.M. 2000. Tobacco Volatiles: Gas Chromatography. USA: Academic press

[4] Effendi, V. P., & Simon, B. W. 2014. Distiasi dan karakterisasi minyak atsiri rimpang jeringau (Acorus calamus) dengan kajian lama waktu distilasi dan rasio bahan : pelarut. Malang : FTP Universitas Brawijaya

[5] Elyana. 2014. “Pengaruh Waktu Destilasi Terhadap Kadar Minyak Atsiri pada Biji Pala”. Medan: Universitas Sumatra Utara

[6] Gani, A., Fitriana D, & Dani, M. S. 2010. Pengaruh Ukuran Partikel, Sf Rasio dan Waktu Proses Terhadap Rendemen pada Hidrodistilasi Minyak Jahe. Banda Aceh : Universitas Syiah Kuala.

[7] Guenther, E. 1947. Minyak Atsiri First ed. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia Press.

[8] Herwati, A., Sesanti, B., Suwarso., & Yulaikah., S. 1991. Biologi dan Morfologi Tembakau Madura. Malang: Balai Penelitian Tembakau Dan Tanaman Serat.

[9] Hutama, F. M., Joko, S., Fatina, S. L, & Lidya, L. N. 2014. Ekstraksi Minyak Atsiri dari Daun dan Batang Cengkeh dengan Metode Hydro- Distillation dan Steam- Hydro Distillation untuk Meningkatkan Nilai Tanaman Cengkeh Dan Menentukan Proses Ekstraksi Terbaik. Surabaya: Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November

[10] Murdiyati, A.S., & Samsuri T. 2009. Kandungan Kimia Tembakau dan Rokok. Malang: Balai Penelitian Tembakau Dan Tanaman Serat.

[11] Negoro, A .M. 2007. Penentuan Metode Terbaik Proses Penyulingan Minyak Atsiri Daun Sirih (piper betle LINN) antara Penyulingan dengan Air dan Penyulingan Dengan Air dan Uap” Yogyakarta: Universitas Sanata Dharma

[12] Nurnasari, E., & Subiyakto. 2011. “Komposisi Kimia Minyak Atsiri Pada Beberapa Tipe Daun Tembakau (Nicotiana tabaccum L.)”. Malang: Balai Penelitian Tembakau Dan Tanaman Serat.

[13] Puspita, P. E. 2011. Aktivasi Antibakteri Ekstrak Tembakau Temanggung Varietas Genjah Kemolo. Bogor : Institut Pertabian Bogor

[14] Sulaiman, I. 2014. Perbandingan Beberapa Metode Ekstraksi Minyak Nilam. Banda Aceh: Universitas Syiah Kuala