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IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Spatial Pattern Of Soil Erosion In Cikapundung Watershed, Indonesia

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Sri Malahayati Yusuf, Kukuh Murtilaksono, Yayat Hidayat, Yuli Suharnoto

 

KEYWORDS

Total runoff, hillslope soil erosion, GeoWEPP, watershed management, Cikapundung watershed.

 

ABSTRACT

Application of GeoWEPP model in Indonesia has been facing a challenge in preparing the input data of both soil and plant management factors. Therefore, this research aims at detailing data of soil so that the model can represent well the spatial pattern of soil erosion. The research was carried out in Cikapundung watershed, West Java, Indonesia using GeoWEPP model for both watershed and flowpath methods. Soil erosion and sediment yield was analyzed based on three scenarios namely existing land cover year 2014 (scenario 1), 2030 predicted land cover (scenario 2), and allocation of land cover based on West Java’s 2009-2030 regional planning (scenario 3). The result showed total runoff was amounted 410 mm of 2,093 mm yearly precipitation under existing condition. Hillslope erosion and sediment yield were approximately 359 tons/ha/year and 413 tons/ha/year, respectively. Regional planning scenario was able to reduce the amount of total runoff, hillslope soil erosion, and sediment yield of 3, 94, and 95%, respectively. Sediment yield was increased under 2030 predicted land cover scenario by 1.27%. The allocation of land cover based on 2009-2030 regional planning was the best scenario in reducing the soil erosion and sediment yield in Cikapundung watershed.

 

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