International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The Role Of Agriculture Sector In Groundwater Governance (Case Study: Rafsanjan Plain) A Qualitative Research With Using Focus Group Method

[Full Text]



Zahra Goudarzi, Mohammad Chizari, Hassan Sadighi, Ali Bagheri



groundwater governance, Rafsanjan, agriculture sector, water resources



the main issue in water management is how to meet the needs of a growing population without sacrificing the sustainability of freshwater resources, which are both limited and vulnerable. The development of new technologies for groundwater exploitation consequent to increased demand has led to the overdraft of groundwater resources and thus, many environmental problems. Similarly, Rafsanjan Plain has faced extensive groundwater extraction, most of which is used for pistachio as the only crop produced in the area. Therefore, the agricultural sector has a crucial role in a water crisis. The purpose this study was to investigate the role of agriculture in Rafsanjan’s groundwater governance. Necessary information for this purpose was collected through interview and observation techniques as well as studying statistics and relevant documents. The method used in this research was a focus group to answer questions. A total of a number of 15 agricultural experts from public and private sectors were selected by purposive sampling method and categorized into four groups to respond the survey questions. Study results show that currently, Rafsanjan plain, the first step to achieving local governance is to form local organizations that are linked to the government, the members of which are selected by local leaders and from people who are dependable by the public. These organizations need education and support from the government in order to strengthen their activities.



[1] Gafsi M., Legagneux B., Nguyen G., Robin P. Towards sustainable farming systems: effectiveness and deficiency of the French procedure of sustainable agriculture, Agric. Syst. 90, 226–242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2006.01.002. 2006.

[2] Werkheiser, I., & Piso, Z. People work to sustain systems: A framework for understanding sustainability. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 141(12), A4015002.‏ http://philpapers.org/archive/WERPWT.pdf. DOI: 10.1061/ (ASCE) WR.1943-5452.0000526. 2015.

[3] Ostrom, E. Design principles in long‐enduring irrigation institutions. Water Resources Research, 29(7), 1907-1912. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1029/92WR02991/abstract , DOI: 10.1029/92WR02991. 1993.

[4] Ministry of Energy. Department of Water and Wastewater, office water and wastewater macro planning, Studies of the updating of the master plan for water. Groundwater Resources Assessment Report (Basin deserts Dranjyr - SAGHAND), First Edition, and Volume fifth. In Farsi. 2011.

[5] Regional Water Company Kerman, “Province Water landscape", Water Resources basic studies office, 315 p. in Farsi. 2008.

[6] Ministry of Energy. Water Affairs Bureau, Kerman Regional Water Company, Basic Department of Basic Studies for Water Resources, continued Rafsanjan plain Groundwater Studies Report, the water year 2011-2012. In Farsi. 2012.

[7] Rafsanjan Prohibition Extension Report. Office for the Protection and Exploitation of Groundwater, Iran Water Resources Management Organization. 2011.

[8] Babaeian, f. Evaluating the vulnerability of the socio-economic system and water resources Rafsanjan's study of dehydration using the water accounting framework. Master thesis in Water Resources Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University.2015.

[9] Kerman Regional Water Company. Report ban extended study area Rafsanjan, in Farsi. 2012.

[10] Kerman Regional Water Company. Rafsanjan Water Resources Base Studies, Rafsanjan Plain Survey Report, water Years 2007-2008, February 2008.

[11] Ghafourifard, S. Rafsanjan plain’s integrated assessment of water resources system. Master's thesis. Tarbiat Modares University. In Farsi. 2014.

[12] Forouzani, M., and E. Karami. Agricultural water poverty index and sustainability. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 31: 415–432. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00930457/document. 2010

[13] Danaeefard, H, Alwan S. M. and Azar A. The methodology of qualitative research in management, Tehran: Saffar Ishraqi.in Farsi. 2004.

[14] Corbetta, P. Social Research; Theory, Methods, and Techniques, Sage Publications, London. 2003.

[15] Kitzinger, J., & Barbour, R. S. Introduction: The challenge and promise of focus groups. R. S. Barbour & J. Kitzinger (Eds.), Developing focus group research: Politics, theory, and practice (pp. 1-20). London: Sage. 2001.

[16] Patton, M. Q. How to use qualitative methods in evaluation (No. 4). Sage. 108-43. 1987.

[17] Hooman H.A. Practical Handbook of Qualitative Research, Tehran: The Organization for Researching and Composing University Textbooks in the Humanities (SAMT). In Farsi. 2006.

[18] Mirmalek, SA, Parvaresh, L. Tehrani, Sh. Hosseini, P. Rezaeian, P., and Saeidian, M. "Research in the surgery, qualitative research" (translated and summarized), Iranian Journal of Surgery, Volume 14, Number 4, in Farsi. 2006.

[19] Salehi Amiri, R., Fathi, S. Proceedings of qualitative research methods in social studies, Tehran, Center for Strategic Research, Expediency Council, first publishing. In Farsi. 2012.

[20] Shahi Dasht, A. And Abbasnejad, d. Management of water resources, challenges and solutions (Case study: Kerman). Zahedan. Fourth International Congress on Islamic World Geographers. In Farsi.. 2010