International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 10 - Issue 2, February 2021 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Design Of Artificial Lighting In Reading Room 4th Floor Of Sebelas Maret University Library Using Fuzzy AHP Approach

[Full Text]



Bambang Suhardi, Frisheila Sely Apriliana, Taufiq Rochman, Iksan Adiasa



Lighting design, Library, Fuzzy AHP, Energy Consumption Index (IKE)



One of the main activities in the library is reading which requires a good level of lighting. The intensity of lighting in the reading room based on the measurement result is 179.5 lux. Which does not meet the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) 6197-2011 at 300 lux. This condition causes the users of the reading room experience discomfort in the form of dizziness, tired eyes, sore eyes, and difficulty to finding books. This study aims to design artificial lighting in the reading room of the Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS) central library on the 4th floor of library building. This research is conducted in three steps. In the first step, energy audit is performed based on SNI 6196-2011. In the second step, we identify the existing lighting. There are three substeps in this second step, namely: 1) determining the coordinates of measurement based on SNI 16-7062-2004, 2) measuring lighting intensity, and 3) comparing the actual lighting intensity with the minimum lighting intensity based on SNI 6197-2011. The third step deals with the improvement of lighting using artificial lighting with the following two substeps, mamely: determine the ranking of the lamps brands using Fuzzy AHP, and determine the energy consumption index (IKE) of the proposed lighting brand. The initial IKE calculation is 0.81 watt/month/m2 and it is included in the efficient category. The fuzzy AHP calculation result shows that Philips lighting brand is ranked 1 with a weight of 0.46, OSRAM brand is ranked 2 with a weight of 0.39, and Hannoch brand is ranked 3 with a weight of 0.15. IKE for the proposed artificial lighting is 1.449 kWh/month/m2 and it is included in the efficient category.



[1] T.R. Adiprama, and U. Ciptomulyono, “Audit Energi dengan Pendekatan Metode MCDM-PROMETHEE untuk Konservasi serta Efisiensi Listrik di Rumah Sakit Haji Surabaya”, Jurnal Teknik ITS, 11;1(1):A465-70, Sep. 2012.
[2] Y. Anshori, “Pendekatan Triangular Fuzzy Number dalam Metode Analytic Hierarchy Process”, Jurnal Ilmiah Foristek, 2012;2(1).
[3] F. Arikan, “An interactive solution approach for multiple objective supplier selection problem with fuzzy parameters”, Journal of intelligent manufacturing, 26(5):989-98, Oct. 2015.
[4] S.N. Indonesia, Pengukuran intensitas penerangan di tempat kerja, SNI 16-7062-2004, Jakarta: Badan Standar Nasional Indonesia; 2003.
[5] B.S. Nasional, Konservasi energi pada sistem pencahayaan, SNI 6197: 2011, Jakarta: Badan Standar Nasional Indonesia; 2011.
[6] B.S. Indonesia, Prosedur Audit Energi pada Bangunan Gedung, SNI-03-6196-2011, Jakarta: Badan Standar Nasional Indonesia; 2011.
[7] R.E. Bellman and L.A. Zadeh, “Decision-making in a fuzzy environment”, Management science, 17(4):B-141, Dec. 1970.
[8] D. Bouyssou, T. Marchant, M. Pirlot, P. Perny, A. Tsoukias, and P. Vincke, “Evaluation and decision models: a critical perspective”, Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 30. 2000.
[9] F.T. Bozbura, and A. Beskese, “Prioritization of organizational capital measurement indicators using fuzzy AHP”. International journal of approximate reasoning, 44(2):124-47, Feb 1. 2007.
[10] I. Chamodrakas, D. Batis, and D. Martakos, “Supplier selection in electronic marketplaces using satisficing and fuzzy AHP”, Expert Systems with Applications, 37(1):490-8, Jan 1. 2010.
[11] C.W. Chang, D.J. Horng, and H.L. Lin, “A measurement model for experts knowledge-based systems algorithm using fuzzy analytic network process”, Expert systems with applications, 38(10):12009-17, Sep 15. 2011.
[12] K.T. Cho, “Multicriteria decision methods: an attempt to evaluate and unify”, Mathematical and computer modelling, 37(9-10):1099-119, May 1. 2003.
[13] P. Dongjin, “A new method for Fuzzy Multiple Attribute Decision Making based on interval numbers”, International Forum on Information Technology and Applications, May. 2009.
[14] M. Enea, and T. Piazza, “Project selection by constrained fuzzy AHP”, Fuzzy optimization and decision making. 3(1):39-62, Mar 1. 2004.
[15] M. Elveny, and R. Syah, “Analisis Metode Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) Dalam Menentukan Posisi Jabatan”, TECHSI-Jurnal Teknik Informatika, 6(1), Apr 14. 2014.
[16] J. P. Guyer, “Introduction to Interior Lighting Design”, Continuing Education and Development, Inc, 2010.
[17] Z. Güngör, G. Serhadlıoğlu, and S.E. Kesen, “A fuzzy AHP approach to personnel selection problem”, Applied Soft Computing, 9(2):641-6, Mar 1. 2009.
[18] Y. Hadad, and M.Z. Hanani, “Combining the AHP and DEA methodologies for selecting the best alternative”, International journal of logistics systems and management, 9(3):251-67, Jan 1. 2011.
[19] C.J. Hopfe, G.L. Augenbroe, and J.L. Hensen, “Multi-criteria decision making under uncertainty in building performance assessment”, Building and environment, 69:81-90, Nov 1. 2013.
[20] C. Kahraman, U. Cebeci, and D. Ruan, “Multi-attribute comparison of catering service companies using fuzzy AHP: The case of Turkey”, International journal of production economics, 87(2):171-84, Jan 28. 2004.
[21] H.S. Kılıç, and E. Çevikcan, “Job selection based on fuzzy AHP: an investigation including the students of Istanbul Technical University Management Faculty”. International journal of business and management studies. 3(1):173-82, 2011.
[22] O. Kilincci, and S.A. Onal, “Fuzzy AHP approach for supplier selection in a washing machine company”, Expert systems with Applications, 38(8):9656-64, Aug 1. 2011.
[23] N. Kursunoglu, and M. Onder, “Selection of an appropriate fan for an underground coal mine using the Analytic Hierarchy Process”, Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 48:101-9, Apr 1. 2015.
[24] C.A. Kusumawardani, “Penentuan kriteria dan sub kriteria serta pembobotan penilaian research project selection PNBP LPPM UNS dengan metode Fuzzy AHP”, Bachelor of Engineering Thesis, Dept. Of Industrial Eng., Sebelas Maret Univ., Indonesia, 2016.
[25] P. Mahendran, M.B. Moorthy, and S. Saravanan, “A fuzzy AHP approach for selection of measuring instrument for engineering college selection”, Applied mathematical sciences, 8(44):2149-61, 2014.
[26] D.A. Mardhikawarih, “Pemilihan pemasok drum pelumas industri menggunakan fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (studi kasus: PT. Pertamina pusat (oil centre) dan production unit Gresik)”, Performa, 19 (1);67-74, 2012.
[27] M.C. Ho, C.M. Chiang, P.C. Chou, K.F. Chang, and C.Y. Lee, “Optimal sun-shading design for enhanced daylight illumination of subtropical classrooms”, Energy and buildings, 40(10):1844-55, Jan 1. 2008.
[28] M. Nurmammad, and A. Samira, “New Methodology of Multi-Disciplinary Energy Auditing of Buildings in Azerbaijan.”, In 5th International Symposium on Innovative Technologies in Engineering and Science 29-30 September 2017 (ISITES2017 Baku-Azerbaijan), Sept 29. 2017.
[29] S. Oguztimur, “Why Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process approach for transport problems?”, In Proceedings of 51st Congress of European Regional Science Association - ERSA, 1-10. Barcelona, SPAIN, 2011.
[30] O. Omar, B. García-Fernández, A.Á. Fernández-Balbuena, and D. Vázquez-Moliní. “Optimization of daylight utilization in energy saving application on the library in faculty of architecture, design and built environment, Beirut Arab University”, Alexandria engineering journal, 57(4):3921-30, Dec 1. 2018.
[31] J. Petkovic, Z. Sevarac, M.L. Jaksic, and S. Marinkovic, “Application of fuzzy AHP method for choosing a technology within service company”, Technics technologies education management-ttem, 7(1):332-41, Jan 1. 2012.
[32] A.D. Putri, S. Sugiono, and R.A. Sari, “Pemilihan Alternatif Peluang Hemat Energi Listrik dengan Pendekatan Metode ANP dan PROMETHEE”, Jurnal Rekayasa dan Manajemen Sistem Industri, 3(1):p142-153, Mar 2. 2015.
[33] A. Rohman, “Guide to the Greenmetric World University Rankings 2017”. Concepts and Applications of Inferential Statistics, 2017.
[34] S.M. Saad, N. Kunhu, and A.M. Mohamed, “A fuzzy-AHP multi-criteria decision-making model for procurement process”. International journal of logistics systems and management, 23(1):1-24, 2016.
[35] T.L. Saaty, Analytic hierarchy process. Wiley Online Library, 1980.
[36] T.L. Saaty, “Highlights and critical points in the theory and application of the analytic hierarchy process”, European journal of operational research, 74(3):426-47, May 5. 1994.
[37] T.L. Saaty, “Fundamentals of decision making and priority”. Pittsburgh, PA: Rws, Publications, 1994,
[38] T.L. Saaty, and L.G. Vargas, “Models, methods, concepts & applications of the analytic hierarchy process”, Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 12. 2012.
[39] A. Samira, and M. Nurmammad, “Multi-disciplinary Energy Auditing of Educational Buildings in Azerbaijan: Case Study at a University Campus”, IFAC-PapersOnLine, 51(30):311-5, Jan 1. 2018.
[40] Sebelas Maret University, Rector regulation of Sebelas Maret University Number: 827A/UN27/KP/2013 About the Sebelas Maret University green campus management guidelines, 2013.
[41] A. Shaygan, Ö.M. Testik, “A fuzzy AHP-based methodology for project prioritization and selection”, Soft computing, 23(4):1309-19, Feb 27. 2019.
[42] H.N. Shega, R. Rahmawati, and H. Yasin, “Penentuan faktor prioritas mahasiswa dalam memilih telepon seluler merk blackberry dengan fuzzy AHP”, Jurnal Gaussian, 1(1):73-82, 2012.
[43] C.C. Sun, “A performance evaluation model by integrating fuzzy AHP and fuzzy TOPSIS methods”, Expert systems with applications, 37(12):7745-54, Dec 1. 2010.
[44] T. Yaghoobi, “Prioritizing key success factors of software projects using fuzzy AHP”, Journal of software: Evolution and process, 30(1):e1891, Jan. 2018.
[45] L.A. Zadeh, G.J. Klir, and B. Yuan, “Fuzzy sets, fuzzy logic, and fuzzy systems”; selected papers, World Scientific, 1996.
[46] E. Zarghami, H. Azemati, D. Fatourehchi, and M. Karamloo, “Customizing well-known sustainability assessment tools for Iranian residential buildings using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process”, Building and Environment, 128:107-28, Jan 15. 2018.