International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 3, March 2014 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

A Comparative Study Of Removal Of Cu(II) From Aqueous Solutions By Thermally And Sulphuric Acid Activated Sesamum Indicum Carbons

[Full Text]



Tharanitharan Venkatesan, Nagashanmugam Bommannan, Kannan Kulanthai, Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy



Keywords: Cu(II) removal, activated carbons, isotherms, kinetics, wastewater



Abstract: Adsorption efficiencies of activated carbons prepared from oil cake of Sesamum Indicum by thermal and sulphuric acid activation were investigated for the removal of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solutions. Various parameters as a function of contact time, initial pH, initial adsorbent dosage and metal ion concentrations were studied. The optimum time required for the maximum removal of Cu(II) was found to be 1 hr for TAGOC and 2 hrs for STGOC. The equilibrium adsorption data were fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models. The equilibrium adsorption isotherms showed that activated carbon has high affinity and sorption capacity for Cu(II) with monolayer sorption capacities of 44.92 mg/g for TAGOC and 35.97 mg/g for STGOC. The kinetic studies indicated that the pseudo-second order rate equation better described the adsorption process. The adsorbent efficiency was also tested for the removal of Cu(II), Cd(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) from synthetic electroplating wastewater. The results indicated that the prepared both activated carbons are efficient (99.9%), alternative low-cost adsorbent for the removal of Cu(II) and other metal ions from wastewater..



[1]. Madhava Rao M, Ramanaa DK, Seshaiaha K, Wangb MC and Chang Chien SW (2009), Removal of some metal ions by activated carbon prepared from Phaseolus aureus hulls. J. Hazard. Mater. 166: 1006–1013

[2]. Satarug S, and Moore MR (2004), Review Adverse health effects of chronic exposure to low-level cadmium in foodstuffs and cigarette smoke. Environ Health Perspect. 112 (10): 1099-103

[3]. Jδrup L, Berglund M, Elinder CG, Nordberg G, and Vahter M (1998), Health effects of cadmium exposure--a review of the literature and a risk estimate. Scand J Work Environ Health. 21(1): 1-51

[4]. Aygun A, Yenisoy-Karakas S and Duman I (2003), Production of granular activated carbon from fruit stones and nutshells and evaluation of their physical, chemical and adsorption properties. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 66: 189–195

[5]. Ramos RL, Mendez JRR, Barron JM, Rubio LF and Cronado RMG (1997), Adsorption of cadmium(II) from aqueous solution onto activated carbon. Water Sci. Technol. 35: 205–211

[6]. Sreejalekshmi KG, Anoop Krishnan K and Anirudhan TS (2009), Adsorption of Pb(II) and Pb (II)-itric acid on sawdust activated carbon: kinetic and equilibrium isotherm studies. J. Hazard. Mater. 161: 1506–1513

[7]. Ahmedna M, Marshall WE, Husseiny AA, Rao RM and Goktepe I (2004), The use of nutshell carbons in drinking water filters for removal of trace metals. Water Res. 38: 1062–1068

[8]. Salame I and Bandosz T (2001), Surface chemistry of activated carbons: combining the results of temperature-programmed desorption, Boehm, and potentiometric titrations. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 240: 252–258

[9]. Malik DJ, Strelko Jr V, Streat M and Puziy AM (2002), Characterisation of novel modified active carbons and marine algal biomass for the selective adsorption of lead. Water Res. 36: 1527–1538

[10]. Boonamnuayvitaya V, Chaiya C, Tanthapanichakoon W and Jarudilokkul S (2004), Removal of heavy metals by adsorbent prepared from pyrolyzed coffee residues and clay. Sep. Purif. Technol. 35: 11–22

[11]. Teles de Vasconcelos LA and Gonzalez Beca CG (1994), Adsorption equilibria between pine bark and several ions in aqueous solution. Eur. Water Poll. Control. 4: 41–51

[12]. Ahmedna M, Marshall WE, Husseiny AA, Rao R M and Goktepe I (2004), The use of nutshell carbons in drinking water filters for removal of trace metals. Water Res. 38: 1062–1068

[13]. El-Sheikh AH, Newman AP, Al-Daffaee HK, Phull S, and Cresswell N (2004), Characterization of activated carbon prepared from a single cultivar of Jordanian Olive stones by chemical and physicochemical techniques. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 71: 151–164

[14]. Ricordel S, Taha S, Cisse I and Dorange G (2001), Heavy metals removal by adsorption onto peanut husks carbon: characterization, kinetic study and modelling. Sep.Purif. Technol. 24: 389–401

[15]. Krishnan KA and Anirudhan TS (2002), Uptake of heavy metals in batch systems by sulfirized steam activated carbon prepared from sugarcane bagasse pith. Ind. Eng.Chem. Res. 41: 5085–5093

[16]. Saeed A and Iqbal M (2003), Bio removal of cadmium from aqueous solution by black gram husk Cicer arientinum). Water Res. 37: 3472–3480

[17]. Igwe JC, Ogunewe DN and Abia AA (2005), Competitive adsorption of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous and non-aqueous solution by maize cob and husk. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 4: 1113–1116

[18]. Kazemipour M, Ansari M, Tajrobehkar S, Majdzadeh M and Kermani HR (2008), Removal of lead, cadmium, zinc, and copper from industrial wastewater by carbon developed from walnut, hazelnut, almond, pistachio shell, and apricot stone. J. Hazard. Mater. 150: 322–327

[19]. BID:11350: (Part I) (1969), Methods of test for coal and coke, proximate analysis. Bureau of Indian Standards. New Delhi, India

[20]. Saitoh T, Nakane F and Hiraide M (2007), Preparation of trioctylamine-impregnatedpolystyrene-divinylbenzene porous resins for the collection of precious metals from water. React. Funct. Polym. 67: 247-252

[21]. Baysal Z, Cınar E, Bulut Y, Alkan H and Dogru M (2009), Equilibrium and thermodynamic studies on biosorption of Pb(II) onto Candida albicans biomass. J. Hazard. Mater. 161: 62-67

[22]. Benhammou A, Yaacoubi A, Nibou L and Tanouti B (2005), Adsorption of metal ions onto Moroccan stevensite: kinetic and isotherm studies. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 282: 320-326

[23]. Tharanitharan V and Srinivasan K (2009), Removal of Ni(II) from water and wastewater using modified Duolite XAD-761 resin, Indian J. Chem. Technol, 16: 245-253

[24]. Mouni L, Merabet D, Bouzaza A and Belkhirim L (2011), Adsorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions using activated carbon developed from Apricot stone. Desalination. 276: 148-153

[25]. Tharanitharan V and Srinivasan K (2010), Kinetic and equilibrium studies of removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution by modified Duolite XAD-761 resins. Asian J. Chem. 22(4): 3036-3046

[26]. Tharanitharan V and Srinivasan K (2009), Removal of Ni(II) from aqueous solution by using surfactant-EDTA modified Amberlite XAD-7HP and Duolite XAD-761 resin. Asian J Chem. 21(9): 7163-7172

[27]. Sharma A and Bhattacharyya KG (2004), Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide on Mica Surfaces of Chromium (VI) on Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaf powder. Adsorption. 10: 327 -338

[28]. Tharanitharan V and Srinivasan K (2009), Removal of Ni(II) from water and Wastewater using modified Duolite XAD-761 resin. Indian J. Chem. Technol. 16: 417-425

[29]. Ayranci A and Duman O (2005), Adsorption Behaviors of some Phenolic Compounds onto High Specific Area Activated Carbon Cloth. J. Hazard. Mater. 124: 125-132

[30]. Ahn CK, Park D, Woo SH and Park J M (2009), Removal of cationic heavy metal from aqueous solution by activated carbon impregnated with anionic surfactants. J. Hazard. Mater. 164: 1130-1136

[31]. Silva JP, Sousa S, Rodrigues J, Antunes H, Porter JI, Gonηalves I and Dias SF (2004), Adsorption of acid orange 7 dye in aqueous solutions by spent brewery grains. Sep. Purif. Tech. 40: 309-326 (2004)

[32]. Wang XS, Li ZZ and Sun C (2009), A comparative study of removal of Cu(II) from aqueous solutions by locally low-cost materials: marine macroalgae and agricultural by-products. Desalination. 235: 146-159

[33]. Namasivayam C and Yamuna RT (1995), Adsorption of chromium (VI) by a low cost adsorbent: biogas residual slurry. Chemosphere. 30: 561-578

[34]. Manivasagam N (1977), Industrial Effluents: Origin, Characteristics, Effects, Analysis and Treatment. First Reprint, Sakthi Publications, Coimbatore