Soil Conservation Utilization Of Organic Matterial And Plant System Of Production Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L) And Land Productivity
Muíminah, Henry Kesaulya, Baharuddin, Muslimin Mustafa
Index Terms: Organic matter, planting system, productivity soil conservation
Abstract: This study aims to (1) determine the effect of organic matter and planting systems , the production of potatoes and physical properties and chemical properties of the soil (2) know how much difference the productivity in the system of planting potatoes. The experiment was conducted in the village of Pattapang , District High Muzzle,Gowa. This study used a randomized design Separated (RPT). The first factor was the system of planting as main plots consisting of 2 treatment system that cut slope and direction of slope. The second factor was the dose of organic chicken manure as a subplot consisting of 4 levels of organic material that was no,10 tonnes/ha (8 kg /plot), 20 tonnes/ha (16 kg/plot) and 30 tonnes /ha (24 kg /plot). Thus there are eight treatment combinations,each combination was repeated 3 times and obtained 24 experimental plots. The results showed that the system does not affect the production of planting potato crop and soil physical and chemical properties. but a dose of organic material 30 tons / ha (24 kg/plot) shows the real effect on the physical and chemical properties of the soil. There was no interaction slope cutting and planting system in the direction of the slope with a dose of organic matter. Average productivity of the system of planting cut slope number of tubers per plant 11 bulbs, bulb weight of 38 tonnes/ha, while the direction of the slope system planting number of tubers per plant 9 bulb, tuber weight of 30.68 tonnes/ha. The usefulness of this study may be material information for farmers and policy makers. Advised farmers planting potatoes raised bed model with tilted 450 with consideration water use efficiency for potatoes.
. BPS Sulawesi Selatan. 2011. Sulawesi Selatan dalam Angka. Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan, Makassar.
. Indranada, H. K. 1985. Soil Fertility Management. Earth Literacy. Jakarta.
. Arsyad, S. 1989. Soil and Water Conservation. Publisher IPB. Bogor.
. Arifin, Z and M. Salah, 2002. Conservation Farming Potato Plant Based on sloping land Plateau, in the Journal of Agriculture BPTP East Java. (http / / www.bptp-jatim-deptan.go.id/info-rekomendasi.html). Accessed on December 20, 2005.
. Arifin, Z., M Salah.,Hardiyanto., Suseno And Istiqomah., 2003. Integrated Farming Systems to Crop Plants Potato Feed for Dryland conservation bench terraces Plateau. in the Journal of Agriculture BPTP East Java. (Online) (http / / www.bptp-jatim-deptan.go.id/info-rekomendasi.html) Accessed July 20, 2006.
. Suripin, 2001. Conserving Soil and Water Resources. Publisher ANDI. Yogyakarta.
. Gaspersz, V. 1994, Rancangan Percobaan untuk Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian, Biologi dan Teknik, CV. Armico, Bandung.
. Sarief, E. S. 1985. Soil and Water Conservation, Library Buana. Bandung.
. Anonymous.1982. Pests and diseases in potato crops. Ciawi Agricultural Information Center. Department of Agriculture 55p.
. Suriadikarta, T. Prihatini, D. Setyorini, W. Hartatik., 2002. Soil Organic Materials Management Technology. Center for Research and Development of Land and Agro-climate. Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Department of Agriculture. Bogor.
. Van Veen J.A and P.J Kuikman, 1990. Soil structural aspects of decomposition of organic matter by micro-organisms. Biogeochemistry 13:213-233.
. Stevenson, F.J. 1982. Humus Chemistry Genesis, Composition, Reaction. John Wiley and Sons. New York.
. Sholeh. M. and Z. Arifin, 2002. Conservation Farming Potato Plant Based on sloping land Plateau, in the Journal of Agriculture BPTP East Java. (http://www.bptp-jatim-deptan.go.id/info-rekomendasi.html). Accessed on December 20, 2005.
. Abdurachman, A and A. Hidayat, 1999. Pengelolaan sumber daya lahan dan air untuk mendukung pembangunan pertanian. Seminar Nasional Sektor Pertanian sebagai Andalan Ekonomi Nasional. Jakarta 26-27 Juli 1999.
. Barus, A. and H. Suwardjo. 1988. Rehabilitasi tanah padat akibat pembukaan lahan secara mekanis dengan tanaman penutup dan pengolahan tanah. hlm. 7Ė16. Laporan Hasil Penelitian Pascapembukaan Lahan Menunjang Transmigrasi di Kuamang Kuning, Jambi. Pusat Penelitian Tanah, Bogor.
. Husein Suganda, Harry Kusnadi, and Law Kurnia. 1999. Effect of row direction and plant beds in controlling erosion in highland vegetable cultivation. Journal of Soil and Climate 17: 55-64. Soil and Agro-climate Research Center. Bogor.