IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 3, March 2014 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Experimental Investigation Of The Performance Of Basin Type Single-Slope Solar Still

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Ibrahim U. Haruna, Maksha Yerima, Abalis D. Pukuma, Ibrahim I. Sambo

 

KEYWORDS

Index terms: Performance, Solar still, Experiment, Productivity, Efficiency, Heat losses

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The supply of drinking water is a growing problem especially for developing countries. Solar stills have been considered as one of the viable options of converting brackish or dirty water into distil water. Basin water depth is one of the design and operating parameters that determines the performance of solar still. Therefore, three identical simple basin single slope solar stills A, B, and C were constructed and their performance was experimentally investigated under the same conditions at basin water depths of 5mm, 10mm and 20mm respectively. The distillate productivity, solar intensity, and the temperatures of the basin water, glass cover and the ambient of the three stills were measured and their relationships were investigated. The heat losses as well as the experimental and thermal efficiencies of the stills were estimated. The results reveal that still A demonstrates high performance followed by still B. This however indicates that the performance of a solar still is high at lower basin water depths.

 

REFERENCES

[1]. Pinar, I.A. 2003. Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Solar Distillation of IYTE Gulbahce Campus Area Seawater. Unpublished Msc Energy Engineering Thesis, Izmir Institute of Technology, Turkey.

[2]. S.M. Radwn, A.A. Hassanain and M.A. Abu-Zeid, 2009. Single Slope Solar Still for Sea Water Distillation. World Applied Science Journal, 7(4): 485-497.

[3]. Rijab, G. and Fujioka, R. 2001. Synergistics effect of solar radiation and solar heating to disinfect water sources. Water Science Technology, 43(12), 155-162.

[4]. Burch, J. and Thomas, K. 1998. Water disinfection for developing countries and potential for solar thermal pasteurization. Solar Energy. 64(1-3), 87-97.

[5]. Ibrahim, U.H. 2007. Performance Evaluation of a Solar Still. Journal of Engineering and Environmental Technology, A Publication of Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Vol. 3, pp. 30-37.

[6]. Kehoe, S., Joyce, T., Ibrahim, P., Gillespie, J., Shahar, R., McGuigan, K. 2001. Effect of agitation, turbidity, aluminium foil reflectors and containers volume on the inactivation efficiency of batch-process solar disinfectors. Water Resources 35(4), 1061-1065.

[7]. McGuigan, K., Joyce, T., Conroy, R. 1999. Solar disinfection: use of sunlight to decontaminate drinking water in developing countries. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 48, 785-787.

[8]. H.P. Garg and J. Prakash , 2002. Solar Energy –Fundamentals and Applications, First Revised Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, Chap.6,pp176-190.

[9]. Abu-Arabi, M., Zuright, H. A. and S. Al-Hiddabi, 2002. Modeling and Performance Analysis of a Solar Desalination Unit with Double-glass Cover Cooling. Desalination,143: 173-182.

[10]. Dunkle, R.V. 1961. Solar Water Distillation: the roof-type still and a multiple-effect Diffusion still. International Development in Heat Transfer, ASME, Proceedings International Heat Transfer, University of Colorado, Part V: 895.

[11]. Fermendez, J.L. and N. Chargoy, 1990. Multi-stage indirectly heated solar still. Solar Energy Journal, 44(4): 215-223.

[12]. Cooper, P.J. 1970. The transient analysis of a glass covered solar still. PhD Thesis, University of Western Australia.

[13]. World Meteorological Organisation (WMO). Daily Weather Data Statistics, 2004. www.geodata.us/weather/place.php?usaf=650460...c=Nigeria.

[14]. Swelam, A.I. 2005. Engineering Study on Water Desalination, Doctor of Philosophy, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University,Egypt.

[15]. Ibrahim, U.H. 2004. Design and Construction of Shallow Basin Solar Still. Unpublished PGD Thesis of Mechanical Engineering Department of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria.