International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Advanced Machine Learning Techniques To Assist Dyslexic Children For Easy Readability

[Full Text]



Geeta Atkar, Dr.Priyadarshini J.



K Nearest Neighbour, Dyslexia, Hidden Markov Model, K-Means, Dynamic Time Wrapping



“Dyslexia” is disorder normally occurred in children. In which they are unable to learn the things easily as like normal children. Such kids are considered as Dyslexic Children. Main objective of this paper is to assist such child for easy readability the paper focuses on reading disability of Hindi words. Children of age five to seven years are considered as target, which are having problem in reading. Here some of the software based techniques and some hardware based techniques are discussed. Total 600 sounds of Hindi two letters and three letters words are taken as an input. These audios are trained by using Dynamic Time wrapping algorithm. Their results are compared. After training whenever this system will be used as assistive system for dyslexic children. They should be easily read and recognize the word.



[1]. John Colaco *, M.E. (Electronics and Telecommunication), Sangam Borkar ,”Design and Implementation of Konkani Text to Speech Generation System using OCR Technique, , International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 6, Issue 9, September 2016.
[2]. Archana Balyan, Amita Dev, Ruchika Kumari, S. S. Agrawal, Development and Implementation of Hindi TTS, 978-9-3805-4416-8/15/$31.00c 2015 IEEE.
[3]. Snehali K.Nandurkar1, Zakir M.Shaikh2, HINDI PDF TO SPEECH, International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM), Volume 4, Issue 2, February 2015.
[4]. Darshna Badhe, 2 P. M. Ghate, Marathi Text to Speech Synthesis – Using Matlab®, IJCSN International Journal of Computer Science and Network, Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015.
[5]. Kaveri Kamble, Ramesh Kagalkar, A Review: Translation of Text to Speech Conversion for Hindi Language, International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 3 Issue 11, November 2014
[6]. Hassanin M. Al-Barhamtoshy , Diaa M. Motaweh, “Diagnosis of Dyslexia using Computation Analysis, IEEE,978-1-4673-8765-1/17/$31.00 ©2017 .
[7]. “Classifying Children with Reading Difficulties from Non-Impaired Readers via Symbolic Dynamics and Analysis of MEG Resting-State Data”, Stavros I. Dimitriadis, PanagiotisSimos, Nikolaos A. Laskaris, Spiros Fotopoulos, Jack M. Fletcher, David Linden,Andrew C. Papanicolaou IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology (ISSPIT) ,2016.
[8]. “An Empirical Study of the Impact of E-Learning Tool developed for Dyslexic Children with Special Reference to Selective Schools in Tamil Nadu, South India, Dr.V.Thulasibai1, Dr.P.M.BeulahDevamalar, Dr.B.Senthil Kumar , Mr.Arun Marx4, International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronics, Information, Communication and Bio-Informatics ,2016.
[9]. “Text To Speech System For Kannada Language”, Anusha Joshi, DeepaChabbi ,Suman M and SupritaKulkarni, IEEE ICCSP,2015
[10]. IEEE transactions on audio speech and language processing, Volume-21, NO-05, May 2013.
[11]. Ossama Abdel-Hamid, Abdel-rahman Mohamed, Hui Jiang, Li Deng, Gerald Penn, and Dong Yu, “Convolution Neural Networks for Speech Recognition”, ”, IEEE transactions on audio speech and language processing, Volume-22, NO-10, October 2014.
[12]. Rubi, Chhavi Rana, Rubi et al, “A Review on Speech Recognition with Deep Learning Methods” International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, Vol.4 Issue.8, pg. 301-307, August- 2015
[13]. M.A.Anusuya, S.K.Katti,“Speech Recognition by Machine: A Review”, (IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2009
[14]. Ronald D Davis, Eldon M Braun,” The gift of dyslexia : why some of the brightest people can't read and how they can learn”, English : 3rd edition.,London:Suvenir,2010
[15]. Geeta Atkar, Dr.Priyadarshini J., Dr. Maya Rathnasabapathy, “Review on advanced machine learning techniques for solving problem of dyslexia in children,IJETAR,ISSN-2394-3386,volume-04,issue-08,August 2017.
[16]. Luz Rello, Horacio Saggion, Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Eduardo Graells, “Graphical schemes may improve readability but not understandability for people with dyslexia, NAACL-HLT Workshop on predicting and improving text readability for target population, pages 25–32,June 2012.
[17]. looze rello, Recardo Baeza-Yates, “Good fonts for dyslexia”, ACM 987-1-4503-2405-2/13, October 2013
[18]. Khaled M. Alhawit, “Advances in artificial intelligence using speech recognition”, World academy of science, Engineering and technology, International journal of Computer and information Engineering, volume-09, NO-06, 2015.
[19]. Rubi,Chhavi Rana, “A review: speech recognition with deep learning methods, India, International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, Vol.4 Issue.5, pg. 1017-1024 , May- 2015.
[20]. Robert A. Stoddena, Kelly D. Robertsa, Kiriko Takahashia, Hye Jin Parka, and Norma, Jean Stoddena, “ Use of text to speech software to improve reading skills of high school struggling readers”, Procedia Computer Science, 359 – 362,2012
[21]. K.Nandhini, K.Nandhini, “Improving readability of dyslexic user through document summarization”, IEEE International conference on technology for education, 2011
[22]. K. Nandhini *, S.R. Balasundaram, “Improving readability through extractive summarization for learners with reading disability”, Egyptian Informatics Journal, Cairo University, 195–204, 2013
[23]. Siti Zulaiha Ahmad, Nik Noor Amalina Amirah Nik Ludin, Hawa Mohd Ekhsan, Arifah Fasha, Rosmani, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail, “Bejak Membaka-Applying phonetics reading techniques and multisensory approach with interactive multimedia for dyslexia children, IEEE colloquium on humanities ,science and Engineering, December-2012
[24]. Siti Suhaila Abdul Hamid(&), Novia Admodisastro(&), Noridayu Manshor, Azrina Kamaruddin, and Abdul Azim Abd Ghani, “Dyslexia Adaptive Learning Model: Student Engagement Prediction Using Machine Learning Approach”, R. Ghazali et al. (eds.), Recent Advances on Soft Computing and Data Mining, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing 700, Springer International Publishing AG 2018.
[25]. V. Slavuj*, B. Kovai* and I. Jugo, “Intelligent Tutoring Systems for Language Learning”, Opatija, Croatia, MIPRO 2015, 25-29 May 2015
[26]. Suleyman Cetintas Luo Si Yan Ping Xin Casey Hord, “Automatic Detection of Off-Task Behaviors in Intelligent Tutoring Systems with Machine Learning Techniques”, IEEE Transections on learning technologies,Vol 03, 2010
[27]. Ioannis Magnisalis Stavros Demetriadis Anastasios Karakostas, “Adaptive and Intelligent Systems for Collaborative Learning Support: A Review of the Field”, IEEE Transections on learning technologies, Vol 04, issue 01, pp-5-20, 2011
[28]. Neeru Rathee1, ”Assistant Professor, MSIT, ICCTICT “A novel approach for lip Reading based on neural network
[29]. Emma Lindeblad, Staffan Nilsson, Stefan Gustafson & Idor Svensson, “Assistive technology as reading interventions for children with reading impairments with a one-year follow-up”, ISSN: 1748-3107 (Print) 1748-3115 (Online) Journal homepage: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/iidt20, 07 Dec 2016.
[30]. Daniel Gooch1, Asimina Vasalou2, Laura Benton, Rilla Khaled3, “Using Gamification to Motivate Students with Dyslexia”, Learning Facilitation #chi4good, , San Jose, CA, USA CHI 2016
[31]. Yen-Shou Lai1, Hung-Hsu Tsai2 and Pao-Ta Yu3, “A Multimedia English Learning System Using HMMs to Improve Phonemic Awareness for English Learning”, Educational Technology & Society, 12 (3), 266–281,2009
[32]. Daud, S. M., & Abas, H. (2013). "Dyslexia baca" mobile app - The learning ecosystem for dyslexic children. In Proceedings - 2013 International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies, ACSAT 2013 (pp. 412-416). doi: 10.1109/ACSAT.2013.87.
[33]. Aziz, F. A., Husni, H., & Jamaludin, Z, “Translating Interaction Design Guidelines for Dyslexic Children's Reading Application”, II, 3-6, 2013
[34]. Pedler, J. (2007). Computer Correction of Real-word Spelling Errors in Dyslexic Text. London University. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi= 1 05.4914&am p;rep=rep1 &type=pdf.
[35]. Ndombo, M. D. Integrative Assistive System for Dyslexic Learners Using Hidden Markov, Tshwane University of Technology, 2013
[36]. Lin, C., & Chai, H.-C. (2014). Using an E-Talk Pen to Promote Phonological Awareness on Communication Training (pp. 298-302).
[37]. Cetintas, S., Si, L. S. L., Xin, Y. P. x. Y. P., & Hord, C. (2010). Automatic Detection of Off-Task Behaviors in Intelligent Tutoring Systems with Machine Learning Techniques. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 3(3), 228-236. doi: 1O.11091TL T.2009.44.
[38]. Cuschieri, T., Khaled, R., Farrugia, V. E., Mart, P., & Yannakakis, G. N. (2014). The iLearnRW Game: Support for Students with Dyslexia in Class and at Home. In Games and Virtual Worlds for Serious Applications in IEEE (pp. 1-2
[39]. Neeru Rathee, “A novel approach for lip Reading based on neural network”, International Conference on Computational Techniques in Information and Communication Technologies (ICCTIC,2016
[40]. Thomais Asvestopoulou, Victoria Manousaki, Antonis Psistakis, “DysLexML: Screening Tool for Dyslexia Using Machine Learning”, arXiv: 1903.06274v1 [cs.CY] 14 Mar 2019
[41]. Valéria Farinazzo Martins, Thiago Lima, “Mobile Application to Support Dyslexia Diagnostic and Reading Practice”, 978-1-5090-4320-0/16/$31.00 ©2016 IEEE