International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Employing Big6 Process For The Development Of Information Literacy Among College Students

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Julie Rose P. Mendoza, Ed. D., Florhaida V. Pamatmat, Ed. D., Aileen M. Daran, Ed. D., Caezar D. Pamin, Ph. D.



task definition, information seeking strategies, location and access, use of information, synthesis, and evaluation.



In the highly technological modern world the advent of internet provides university students with necessary information in just a flick of a finger and information can be accessed in reputable educational institutions with state-of-the-art facilities, mainly the library. Yet, given the information facility, the dilemma is, it seems not easy to find the facts desired, and in the form, it is wanted in order to use it effectively. In other words, students experience problems in gathering exact information. One solution to the information problem—the one that seems to be most often adopted in schools (as well as in business and society in general)—is to speed things up. Hence, try to pack in more and more content, to work faster to get more done which is considered a down proposition because speeding things up only means to work longer. Given adequate information access, what is still needed is to think about helping everyone to work smarter, not faster. There is an alternative way to speed things up. It’s the smarter solution—one that will support people, especially the students to develop the skills and understanding they need to find, process, and use information effectively. This smarter solution focuses on process as well as content. This is advancing the information literacy or information skill of the students using a process. One process that that can be employed is the Big6 Process which is a process model of how people of all ages solve an information problem. From practice and study, this practice is most widely known and widely used approach to teaching information and technology skills all over the world in K-12 schools and in higher education institutions but not in Philippine schools or in state universities. This study employed Big6 Process in the learning of the students in the college level at Laguna State Polytechnic University. As Eisenberg (1998) emphasized in her study that Big6 is an inquiry process which is very critical to students’ learning in all areas like social studies (research process), science (experimental process), mathematics (problem solving process) this study was found equally helpful in the development of cognitive learning as it provides a strategy for developing the foundations of higher order thinking skills, reasoning, and critical thinking. True, the Big6 information problem-solving model was found applicable to the students as they need and use information everyday. Moreover, it was found countless times helpful in integrating information search along with technology tools in a systematic process in using, applying, and evaluating information for specific needs and tasks. After this study was conducted and documented, it was found to be significant and beneficial to the faculty members in the university across courses with the perception that if all students will be familiar and aware with the Big6 Process, completing their assigned tasks like assignments, requirements, and research among others, will be easier and the students can work smarter over the assigned task, hence, checking will be easier for the teacher. Students can use the Big6 Skills whenever they need information. It can be applied as a thinking process to deal with most problems and therefore can be applied consistently and repeatedly throughout their studies. Another useful way to view the Big6 is as a set of basic, essential life skills which can be applied across situations in school, personal, and work settings.



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