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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Gas Hydrates – The Solution For India’s Growing Energy Demand.

[Full Text]



Vivek Thamizhmani, Subhashini Sankar, Debi Prasanna Behera



Gas hydrates, Carbon, Production, Structure, India.



Most of the fossil fuel needs for India has been met for many years from other countries. India imports around 83% of fossil fuel as of 2017(1). When BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) came into power in 2015, there was a clear mandate made to make India free from fossil fuel dependency. In 2018 India made headlines, when Petroleum Minister of India, Mr. Dharmendra Pradhan had announced that the country could serve their complete energy need for the next 300 years. The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural gas (MoP&NG), Government of India had conducted National Gas Hydrate Program Expedition 02(NGHP-02) from 03-03-2015 to 28-07-2015 in the eastern coast of India where they have discovered several gas hydrate accumulations. These data were backed by US Geological Survey which has reported that India’s gas hydrate reserve would just be in second place to United States which has the world’s largest gas hydrate reserve. Significant quantities of Natural gas hydrates (NGH) have been found in Kerala-Konkan Basin of the west coast, Krishna-Godavari basin of east coast, the Mahanadi basin, Cauvery basin. These basins unaided contribute around 95 – 125 trillion cubic feet of estimated reserves.



[1] Petrophysical Evaluation of Gas-Hydrate Formations in National Gas Hydrates Programme Expedition 02 in India; Sikha Rani Mondal (DGH. Ministry of Petroleum of Natural Gas) | K K Chopra (DGH. Ministry of Petroleum of Natural Gas)
[2] Logging While Drilling Data Acquisition Challenges in Gas Hydrate Wells - India's Gas Hydrate Expedition - 02 J. Singh (Schlumberger) | P. Kumar (ONGC Ltd.) | K. M. Shukla (ONGC Ltd.) | C. Majumdar (Schlumberger)
[3] Petrophysical Evaluation of Gas Hydrates : Estimation of Hydrate Saturation, Krishna Godavari Basin, India Promothes Baruah (Directorate General of Hydrocarbons) | Sampath Rao Vangala (Directorate General of Hydrocarbons) | Murali K (Directorate General of Hydrocarbons)
[4] 2D Traveltime Inversion For Gas Hydrates In Kerala-Konkan Basin, Western Offshore India. Sanjeev Rajput (Schlumberger Reservoir Seismic Services) | N.K. Thakur (National Geophysical Research Institute) | P. Prasada Rao (National Geophysical Research Institute)
[5] Application of spectral decomposition for gas hydrate exploration: A study from Mahanadi offshore, India. Jitender Kumar (CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute) | Kalachand Sain (CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute)
[6] Gas Hydrate Deposits of Krishna Godavari Basin, India: Issues and Potentiality in Exploration and Commercial Production. Vinay K. Sahay (MEPL) | Arthur H. Johnson (Hydrate Energy International)
[7] Will Gas Hydrate Lying On Oceanic Floors In India Solve Its Energy Problem? A Futuristic Approach. Ashutosh Kumar Jha (Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University) | Gopal Bansal (Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University) | Abhishek Joshi (Indian Inst. of Petroleum) | Jitendra Shital Sangwai (Indian Inst of Tech Chennai)
[8] Hydrate Control At Russian Northern Gas Field. V.A. Istomin (All-Russian Research Institute of Natural Gases (VNIIGAZ)) | N.R. Kolushev (All-Russian Research Institute of Natural Gases (VNIIGAZ))
[9] Natural Gas Hydrates And Global Change. Y.F. Makogon (Texas A&M University) | J.C. Holste (Texas A&M University) | S.A. Holditch (Texas A&M University)
[10] A Model To Predict Gas Hydrate Equilibrium and Gas Hydrate Saturation in Porous Media Including Mixed CO2-CH4 Hydrates. Amit Y. Bhangale | Tao Zhu (U. of Alaska) | Bernard Peter McGrail (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) | Mark Daniel White
[11] Global Occurrences of Gas Hydrate. Keith A. Kvenvolden (U.S. Geological Survey) | Thomas D. Lorenson (U.S. Geological Survey)
[12] Gas Hydrate Deposits: Formation and Development. Y.F. Makogon (Texas A&M University) | S.A. Holditch (Texas A&M University) | K.F. Perry (Gas Technology Institute) | J.C. Holste (Texas A&M University)
[13] Natural Gas Scenario In India - The Recent Upswings, Concerns And The Way Forward. Tinku Sengupta Nischal (ONGC) | Atul Kumar (ONGC)
[14] Exploration & Exploitation of Gas Hydrates and Its Related Environmental Hazards. Siddhartha Nautiyal (U. of Petr and Energy Studies) | Vaibhav Upadhyay (U. of Petr and Energy Studies)