International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The State, Ethnic-Fragmentation And The Bodos: The Post-Accord Appraisal

[Full Text]



Bijaya Sarmah



crisis, leadership, ethnic-outbidding, ethnic-fragmentation, BTC elections, ethnic violence, the State.



The paper intends to highlight the emerging crisis among the Bodos over the question of community representation and leadership. The post-accord phase has witnessed the rise of differences among the Bodo leaders on the question of autonomy, sovereignty and the protection of identity. The struggle for political power among different heads, the betrayal laments against the ruling party from within the community, mobilization and counter-mobilization have brought many complexities and intricacies into BTAD politics. The paper addresses the problem, looks into the political dynamics of the Bodos through the theoretical lens of ethnic-outbidding. The paper further entails BTC elections where one can be familiar with the effects of ethnic-outbidding, presence of ethnic-fragmentations and violence. The paper draws the sources from the existing literatures as well as from the informal discussions with a few Bodo leaders. Broadly, an attempt has been made to corelate the process of outbidding, the role of Indian State, its peace-making mechanisms with the existing complexities, political intricacies and violence in the region.



[1] Rabushka, A. and Kenneth S. (1972). Politics in Plural Societies: A theory in democratic instability. Columbus. OH. Charles E. Merrill in Chandra, K. (2005). ‘Ethnic Parties and Democratic Stability’. Perspectives on Politics. 3 (2). Pp. 235-252.
[2] Chandra, K. (2005). ‘Ethnic Parties and Democratic Stability’. Perspectives on Politics. 3 (2). Pp. 235-252.
[3] Manor, J. (1996). ‘Ethnicity and Politics in India’. WILEY. 72 (3). 459-475.
[4] Lacina, B. (2009). ‘The Problem of Political Stability in Northeast India: Local Ethnic Autocracy and The Rule of Law’. Asian Survey. 49 (6). 998-1020.
[5] Narzary, C. (2011). Dream for Udayachal and the History of Plains Tribal Council of Assam (PTCA 1967-93). Guwahati: N. L. Publication.
[6] Mahanta, N. G. (2013). ‘Politics of Space and Violence in Bodoland’. EPW. XLVIII 23 (50).
[7] Mochahari, M. (2017). ‘What’s the Government’s Agenda on Bodoland?’ Politics. September. 28.
[8] Saikia, S. (2015). ‘General Elections 2014: ethnic-outbidding and politics of ‘homeland’ in Assam’s Bodoland’. Contemporary South Asia. 23 (2). P. 212.
[9] Dutta, A. (2016). ‘The Politics of Complexity in Bodoland: The Interplay of Contentious Politics, the Production of Collective Identities and Elections in Assam’. Journal of South Asian Studies. 39 (2). P. 486.
[10] Siddique, N. (2015). ‘Bodoland Territorial Area District Elections 2015’. EPW. 50 (30).