International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 5, May 2014 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The Impact of Facebook and Others Social Networks Usage on Academic Performance and Social Life among Medical Students at Khartoum University

[Full Text]



Daffalla A'lamElhuda, D. A.Dimetry



Index Terms: Academic performance, Communication, Facebook, Medical Students, Social life, Social networks, What’s App.



Abstract: Introduction: Social networks (SNs) are dedicated websites or other applications which enable users to communicate with each other by posting information, comments, messages, images, etc. Today, more than ever before, people are finding ways to connect with friends, family members, co-workers, classmates, and those they have just met using social networking sites. Objective: The aim of this research was to study the impact of Facebook and others social networks usage on academic performance and social life among medical students. Materials and Methods: This was descriptive, analytical cross-sectional institutional-based study. 27 item self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 275 medical students at Faculty of Medicine – University of Khartoum. Respondents were selected using Simple random sampling technique. Results: 275 Medical students were involved. The prevalence of Facebook and others SNs users is 93.1%. The Authors found that the males use Facebook and others SNs more than females by (97.6%), (91.1%). The main SNs used are Facebook (98.8%), Skype (61.3%), What’s App (59%), and Hotmail (56.6%). The Facebook and What’s App are the most SNs used more than 1 time a week. The most devices used are Mobiles and Tablets (72.3%). The most purposes of using the SNs were connecting with family and friends (86.7%), following the news (76.6%), connecting with people from the past (69.9%), and chatting (53.9%). 57.8% of users have attempts to minimize or cutoff the using of SNs. 51.2% of users became upset when they don't find any means to login to SNs during their day. 81.3% of users have desire to know what happened online when they are offline. 96.1% of users using the SNs for academic purposes, and 11.3% of users sometimes are absent from academic activities because of using the SNs. The prevalence of negative effect of using the SNs on academic performance is very high especially among females. 68% of users have benefit from using of the SNs for connecting with others. 23.4% of users lower their social activities in real life because of using the SNs. The prevalence of lowering the practicing sport exercises because of using the SNs is 20.2%. Conclusion: The prevalence of using the SNs is high and continues to increase. The prevalence of negative effect of using the SNs on academic performance is high. SNs help people to connect with each other’s and don’t affect their social activities or sport exercises. Recommendations: Education about negative effect of long usage of social networks. Education about how to use the social networks correctly. Promotion of using the social networks for academic purposes and scientific researches.



[1] Young, K. Facebook Addiction Disorder? Located at: http://www.netaddiction.com/index.php?option=com_blog&view=comments&pid=5&Itemid=0

[2] 350 million people are suffering from Facebook Addiction Disorder (2010, Jan 28) Retrieved Jan 4, 2011 from http://sickfacebook.com/350million-people-suffering-facebook-addiction-disorder-fad

[3] Evangelista, B. (2007, October 1). Social media - are we addicted? The San Francisco Chronicle.

[4] Ellison, N., Stein field, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). Benefits of Facebook "friends": Social capital and college students' use of online social networking sites. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 12, 1143-1168.

[5] Victoria Rideout, M.A., VJR Consulting, Inc. Social Media, Social Life. USA: Common Sense Media, 2012, p. 9, 10, 20, and 21.

[6] Alabi, OluwoleFolaranmi. A Survey of Facebook Addiction Level among Selected Nigerian University Undergraduates. Oyo State, Nigeria: New Media and Mass Communication, 2013.

[7] Onuoha, Uloma Doris and Saheed, Fidimaye. O. Perceived Influence of Online Social Networks on Academic Performance. OgunState, Nigeria: 2011, p.10.

[8] Munoz, C.L. & Towner, T.L. 2009. Opening Facebook: How to Use Facebook in the College Classroom. Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2009. p. 2623-2627.

[9] Dalsgaard, C. n.d. Social networking sites: Transparency in online education. [Online] Available: http://eunis.dk/papers/p41.pdf [Cited: 10 December 2008]

7 Bibliography:
[1] Bergmark, K.H.; Bergmark, A. The diffusion of addiction to the field of MMORPGs. Nord. Stud. Alcohol Drug. 2009, 26, 415-426.

[2] Alexander, B. The globalization of addiction. Addict. Res. 2000, 6, 501-526.

[3] Chaulk, K., & Jones, T. (2011). Online obsessive relational intrusion: Further concerns about Facebook. Springer Science and Business Media, 26, 245-254.

[4] Young, K. (2004). Internet addiction: A new clinical phenomenon and its consequences. American Behavioral Scientist, 48(402), 402-413.

[5] Tao, R., Xiugin, H., Wong, J., Zhang, H., Zhang, H., & Li, M. (2010). Proposed diagnostic criteria for internet addiction. Society for study of addiction, 556-564.

[6] Andria L. Moon. The Impact of Facebook on Undergraduate Academic Performance: Implications for Educational Leaders. Mount Pleasant, Michigan: Central Michigan University, 2011, p. 57 - 59, and 72.

[7] Nicole E. Hurt, Gregory S. Moss, Christen L. Bradley, Lincoln R. Larson, Matthew D. Lovelace, Luanna B. Prevost, et al. The ‘Facebook’ Effect: College Students’ Perceptions of Online Discussions in the Age of Social Networking. Georgia, USA: International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2012,p. 9, and 14.

[8] A, Nadkarni, S. G. Hofmann. Why Do People Use Facebook?: Boston, Elsevier Ltd, 2011, p. 9.

[9] Kuss, D.J. & Griffiths, M.D. Addiction to social networks on the internet: A literature review of empirical research: International Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2011, 8, 3528-3552.

[10] Barker, V. Older adolescents' motivations for social network site use: The influence of gender, group identity, and collective self-esteem: Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 2009, 12, 209-213.

[11] Kuss, D.J. & Griffiths, M.D. Internet gaming addiction: A systematic review of empirical research. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction: DOI 2011, 10.1007/s11469-011-9318-5.

[12] Wilson, K., Fornasier, S. & White, K.M. Psychological predictors of young adults' use of social networking sites: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 2010.

[13] Karaiskos, D., Tzavellas, E., Balta, G., &Paparrigopoulos, T. Social network addiction: A new clinical disorder?: European Psychiatry, 2010, 25, 855.

[14] Facebook addiction among female university students Sharifahsofiahs.z. universitiputra Malaysia.

[15] J. Cabral. Is Generation Y Addicted to Social Media?.Elon University: The Elon Journal of Undergraduate Research in Communications, 2011, p. 9.

[16] C. S. Andreassen, T.Torsheim, G. S. Brunborg, S. Pallesen. Development of a Facebook Addiction Scale. Bergen, Norway: University of Bergen, 2012, p. 516.

[17] R. Junco. The relationship between frequency of Facebook use, participation in Facebook activities,and student engagement. Computers & Education, 2012; 58: 162–171.