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IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 4, April 2014 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Economies Of Wastewater Reuse

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

M. Zeeshan

 

KEYWORDS

 

ABSTRACT

The rapidly increasing population, the technological and industrial booms have brought enormous problems and degradation of the environment. Water pollution and water scarcity is an emerging problem in Pakistan. Pakistan has no effective collection and treatment of domestic and Industrial Wastewater. Due to the shortage of water in Pakistan, we should go for new water resources. Wastewater reuse after treatment is a reliable water resource for irrigation. In case study of Faisalabad, wastewater of the city is treated by using waste stabilization ponds and evaluated the effluent quality as a function of cost. The results shows that by increasing the number of ponds the ultimate cost of the project will increase and area requirement will be more, six (6) parallel series of anaerobic, facultative than that will be high in coliform, but if one maturation pond is added then coliform reduces but not in the range to WHO guideline for unrestricted crops, by adding four ponds the values will be in range but adding more maturation ponds will increase cost of the project.

 

REFERENCES

[1]. UNFPA, (2001) “Chapter 2: Environmental Trends: Water and Population,” State of the World Population , Accessed June 16, 2010. http://www.unfpa.org/swp/2001/english/ch02.html

[2]. Metcalf & Eddy (2004), Wastewater Engineering treatment and Reuse, McGraw Hill 4th Edition

[3]. Ausaid, (2002); Bangalore Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation Master plan Project; overview report on the existing sewerage system.

[4]. Pescod, M.B and Amin, N.M. (1988), Use of Treated Wastewater for Irrigation in Developing Countries.

[5]. Glonya, E.F (1985), Wastewater Reuse through Land Application, Journal of Pakistan Society of Public Health Engineering.

[6]. Pescod, M.B and Arar, A (1985) Treatment and Use of Sewage Effluents for Irrigation, proceeding of the FAO seminar on the treatment and use of sewage effluents for irrigation held in Nicosia, Cyprus, October .

[7]. Ahmad, I (1992). Evaluation of Faisalabad Municipal Wastewater for Irrigation purposes, M.Sc. Thesis IEER, UET, Lahore.

[8]. Ali, I (2000). A Study on Wastewater Treatment Options for irrigation Purposes under Local Conditions.

[9]. USEPA (2010). Aquifer Recharge (AR) and Aquifer Storage and Recovery. Available online at: http://www.epa.gov/safewater/asr/index.html#inventory.

[10]. WHO, Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta and greywater, volume IV

[11]. WHO, Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta and greywater, Volume II

[12]. Mara. D. (1997), “ Design Manual For Waste Stabilization Pond In India”