Determine Neutron Yield From Beryllium Compounds Bombarding With Alpha Particles
Osamah Nawfal Oudah
Index Terms: Neutron Yield, Neutron source, ASTAR, α –emitters, The (_4^9)Be (α,n)(_6^12)C reaction, Beryllium, Curium.
Abstract: The chemical combination of Beryllium used in the (α,n) reaction as a target materials. wherefore, Beryllium has generally been the material of select when manufacturing a neutron source. Beryllium compounds has a significant impact on the scheme and manufacture of the 238Cm-9Be neutron source. In present work the Beryllium chemical combinations were considered as a producer of neutrons with different percentage of mass, and the neutron yields were likewise determined using the outcomes of the ASTAR calculations per unit incident charge. The neutron yields of Beryllium Oxide, Beryllium Carbide, Beryllium Hydride, Beryllium Hydroxide and Beryllium Nitride were calculated as 3.1006e-005, 3.0365e-005, 2.2866e-005, 2.0464e-005 and 3.0386e-005respectively. The results show that, the Beryllium Oxide is a suitable material to use in the 238Cm-9Be neutron source.
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