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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 4, April 2016 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Under Ground Utilities Of Pre-Planned Cities

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Kavan R. Tadhani

 

KEYWORDS

R.C.C. Box Culvert, Water pipe line, Sanitary sewer pipe line, Storm water pipe.

 

ABSTRACT

Many of today’s underground utilities are reaching the end of their practical life and need to be replaced or repaired. At the same time, new utility installations due to urban expansion and development of technologies such as communication line (Telecommunications, internet line, television cable etc…) water pipe line, sanitary sewer pipe line, Strom water pipe line, Gas pipe line are in progress. The communications lines are placed on ISA channel section. Hence accurate information of these utilities is essential for utility owners, engineers, contractors or surveyors, particularly as for reference. This all utilities are placed in R.C.C. box culvert with proper planning. The R.C.C. box culvert is placed on below the road level at one meter depth. There are also put a manhole for inspection. This facility provides easy maintenance and repair for work. These all work is carried out for new constructions and preplanning cities. The cross-section of culvert is 4.00 m x 2.50 m (in to in).In now days the developing countries are adopting this facilities. All designs are carried out as per IS code specification.

 

REFERENCES

[1] IRC: 5-1998 Standard Specification and Code of Practice for Road Bridge, Section 1.

[2] IRC 21: 2000 Standard Specification and Code of Practice for Road Bridge, Section 2.

[3] Ramamurtham S., Standard Specification and Code of Practice for Road Bridge, Section 2.

[4] IS 456-2000 Plain and Reinforced Concrete – Code of Practice (CED 2: Cement and Concrete).

[5] IS 800-2007: General construction in steel – Code of Practice (CED 7: Structure Engineering and Structural Sections).

[6] IS 1172-1993 Code of Basic Requirements for Water Supply, Drainage and sanitation (CED 2: Public Health Engineering).

[7] Huston, S.S. Morris, A.J., 1992 Public water-supply systems and water use in Tennessee, Water- Resources Investigation Report.

[8] TROM WATER DRAINAGE DESIGN MANUAL, James Robertson P.E., Bill Greathouse, P.E. Rene Franks, P.E. City of Midland, Taxes.

[9] DRAFT VA DCR STORM WATER DESIGN SPECIFICATION No. 4, SOIL COMPOST AMENDMENT, VERSION 1.5 June 22, 2009.

[10] REGION OF PEEL, Public Works Design, Specification & Procedures Manual, Linear Infrastructure, Sanitary Sewer Design Criteria, Revised July 2009.