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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Transformational Leadership, Mediating Effect Of Knowledge Management System And Moderating Effect Of Training In Human Capital Development: SEM-SMART PLS Approach

[Full Text]



Muhammad Shahid Khan, Duangkamol Chongcharoen, Premkamon Jankaweekun



Human capital development (HCD), Knowledge Management system (KMS), Training, Transformational leadership (TL), 360 Degree performance appraisal (PA), Structural Equation Modeling, Smart-PLS.



This is a knowledge-based economy era; consequently, the role of human capital cannot be neglected, constituting as it does an important competitive asset in today's global market. After leisure tourism and health tourism, the newest growth sector is education tourism, which attracts a huge number of international students. In the ASEAN region, Singapore and Malaysia are leading countries in this new growth industry. Education tourism is also recognized as a source of GDP growth. To compete with 21st century educational and technological challenges, the government of Thailand has to focus upon improving teachers’ knowledge, skills, and abilities. Human capital can play a vital role in achieving this objective; in turn, this research has developed a framework which identifies the mediating effects of knowledge management systems and the moderating effects of training in developing human capital. Quantitative methods have been used in this study, with data collected from different schools located in Bangkok and other provinces. In order to test the structural model, SMART PLS software has been used in this study. The results of this study reveal that knowledge management systems mediate the relationship between transformational leadership and human capital development. Results also evidence that variable training moderates the relationship between 360 degrees perforce appraisal and human capital development. This study, therefore, contributes to transformational leadership and human capital theory.



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