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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



The Essence Of Muhammad Hatta’s Democracy: The Relevance To The Development Of Regional Autonomy

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Mat Jalil

 

KEYWORDS

Muhammad Hatta, democracy, regional autonomy.

 

ABSTRACT

The title of this article is The Essence of Muhammad Hatta’sDeocracy: The Relevance to the Development of Regional Autonomy. This topic is important to support the process of democratization in order to strengthen decentralization in Indonesia. This dissertation would critically examine key concepts of Muhammad Hatta'sthinking; find systematic explanations and coherence as thoughts through political philosophy. The purpose of this article is to critically and systematically find out, inventory and interpret concept of Muhammad Hatta’s democracy. This research also describes, analyzes the concept regional autonomy, as well as expresses and reflects the relevance of Muhammad Hatta’s democracy essence to the development of regional autonomy. Regional autonomy means empowering the people, and the independence of the region, the people hold the rights and high authority to determine the needs of the development of the region, the people are actively involved in development, and control the course of regional government. The essence of democracy is the sovereignty of the people which is bottom up structured, where the collectivism community which is realized through mutual cooperation is imbued with Pancasila, and is based on truth, justice, honesty, kindness, brotherhood, and humanity. The implementation of regional autonomy is relevant to the spirit of Muhammad Hatta’s democracy, namely the spirit of mutual cooperation, and empowering the layers of society, with political, religious, ethnic or group backgrounds for development planning. This is a library research. Data analysis of the research was carried out by using elements of qualitative research method in the field of philosophy which includes historical methods, descriptions, internal coherence and hermeneutics. The theory used is Colar Gould that is four theses of the concept of freedom.The concept of freedom must be more widely understood on the availability of social conditions and material, legal politics, as well as socioeconomic equality, reciprocating equality of participation.

 

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