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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Study On Pit Latrine Minimum Design Requirement And Considerations In Northern Nigeria.

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Hüseyin Gokçekuş, Yousseuf Kassem, Nura Yunusa, Muhammad Khidre Musa, Serah Onuh John, Sayyadilkhair Usman2, Muktar Sabiu Yahuza and Sadiq Mahmoud Ahmad

 

KEYWORDS

Pit Latrine Design, Groundwater Contamination, On-site Sanitation, Northern Nigeria, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

An estimated 69.5 million people in Northern Nigeria rely on pit latrine to defecate due to the lack of proper excreta disposal system in the region. However, many studies extensible indicates the environment and environmental resources contamination with pit latrines. It is the intent of this study to explore the numerous design features of pit latrines and which type needed to improve, thus, set a guideline on minimum pit latrine design standard. The studies on pit latrine design and structural characteristics were systematically reviewed including their evolution and improvement over a millennium, environment and environmental contamination especially groundwater and the study further assessed the extent at which the Northern Nigeria lives are at stake and knowledge gaps were found. The study found no original research on design or materials to prevent groundwater contamination despite the rises in groundwater levels due to climate change that is limiting the vertical separation distance between groundwater levels and pit latrines. Moreover, harvesting long noted greenhouse gases and additional 198 detected volatile gases emanated by pit latrine are inhabited limited data. This indicates that the concurrent pit latrine designs are less-effective in mitigating environmental and environmental resources contamination. Future pit latrine improvement or modification should focus on an integral model approach to developed a well improved and sustainable pit latrine.

 

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