IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Comparative Haematology And Biochemical Parametrs Of Indigenous And Broiler Chicken

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Subhadarsini Mohanty, Silpa Mohapatra GayatriAcharya

 

KEYWORDS

Haematological parameter, Indigenous, Broiler, Haemoglobin, WBC

 

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on analysing comparative haematology and serum-biochemical paramaeters of indigenous Vanaraja and broiler chicken.For this investigation two different breeds of chicken such as; Indigenous Vanaraja chicken and broiler chicken were used as the experimental birds. The haematological parameters includes White Blood Cell (WBC), Red Blood Cell (RBC), Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and Differential Leukocyte Count ( DLC) whereas the biochemical parameters includes albumin, globulin, cholesterol, glucose etc. The WBC value of both the species was statistically different from each other and was significant at p<0.01. The RBC value was statistically non-significant in the breeds. The Hb concentration, PCV, MCV and MCH value was higher in case of Indigenous Vanaraja chicken than the broiler chicken and was statistically significant at p<0.001. However the MCHC value was non-significant for both the breeds. The Lymphocyte count was higher in Broiler chicken than the Indigenous Vnaraja chicken and was significant at p<0.01, the Heterophil count was non-significant, Monocyte count was non-significant at p>0.05, Eosinophil count was statistically significant at p<0.01 and the Basophil count was non-significant at p>0.05.There was no significant difference seen in between both indigenous and broiler for the Total protein concentration.The serum albuminconcentration was significant at (P=0.05). The concentration of different serum constituents of broilerand indigenous chickens was significant at (P=0.001).Cholesterol content in broiler was significantly higher than indigenous chickens at (P<0.001). Serum globulin concentration in the broiler and indigenous was non-significant at (P˃0.05). Ratio of concentration of serum albumin/globulin in broiler was and indigenous was non- significant at(P˃0.05).The above study suggested the highest rank of Haemoglobin concentration in Vanaraja chicken, because it is more active than Broiler chicken and the oxygen consumption rate is more. The haematological parameters differs from each other in both the breeds due to the several factors such as; low immunity, environmental factors, change in number, size and shape of blood cell. The genetic traits also have effect on the haematological parameters of both the types of birds. High serum albumin was caused by dehydration. The high or low glucose level was due to may be due to the consumption of diet rich in grain.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Orawan C and Aengwanich W (2007) Blood cell characteristics, haematological values and average daily gained weight of Thai Indigenous, Thai Indigenous crossbred and broiler chickens. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10 (2): 302-309.
[2] Zhou WT, Fujita M and Tammamto S (1999) Thermoregulatory responses and blood viscosity in dehydrated heat-exposed broilers (Gallus domesticus). Journal of Thermal Biology 24(3): 185-192.
[3] Olorode BR and Longe OG (2000) Effect of replacing palm kernel cake with shear butter cake on quality characteristics, haematology and serum chemistry of laying hens. Nigerian Journal of Animal Prod. 27: 19-23.
[4] Adeyemi OA, Fasina OE and Balogun MO (2000) Utilization of full fat jatropha seeds in broiler diet: Effect on haematological parameters and blood chemistry. Proc. 25th Conf. Nigerian Soc. Anim. Prod.held at Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria, March 1923, pp.108-109.
[5] Elagib HAA, Elamin KM, Ahmed ADA and Malik HEE (2012) Blood biochemical profile of males and females of three indigenous chicken ecotypes in sudan. Journal of Veterinary Adv. 2(12): 568-572.
[6] Seiser PE, Duffy LK, McGuire AD, Roby DD, Golet GH and Litzow MA (2000) Comparison of pigeon guillemot, Cepphuscolumba, blood parameters from oiled and unoiled areas of Alaska eight years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Marine Poll. Bull. 40: 152-164.
[7] Prameela RM, Nissar Ahmad N, Eswara Prasad P and Sri Latha C (2011) Hematological and biochemical changes of stunting syndrome in Broiler chicken. Veterinary World 4(3): 124-125.

[8] Sturkie PD (1965) Avian physiology, 2nd Edition. Comstock Publishing Associates, Cornel University Press, New York, pp:766.
[9] Mcinroy RA (1953) A micro-haematocrit for determining the packed cell volume and haemoglobin concentration on capillary blood.Journal of Clinical Pathology, 7, 32.
[10] Doumas BT, Watson WA and Biggs HG (1971) Albumin standards and the measurement of serum albumin with bromocresolgreen. ClinicaChimicaActa, 31, 87-96.
[11] Trinder P (1969) Determination of blood glucose using an oxidase-peroxidase system with a non-carcinogenic chromogen.Journal of Clinical Pathology. 22(2):158-61.
[12] Allain et al., (1974) Enzymatic Determination of Total Serum Cholesterol.Article in Clinical Chemistry 20(4):470-5.

[13] Gornall AG, Bardawill CJ and David MM (1949) Determination of serum protein by means of the biuret reaction. Journal of Biological Chem ,177:751-66.
[14] Eckersall PD (2004) The time is right for acute phase protein assays. The Veterinary Journal, 151: 577-584.
[15] Zantop (1997) Lipid profile of broilers plant and animal protein diets. International journal of Poultry science, 10(7).

[16] Farrugia A (2010) Albumin usages in clinical medicine. Journal of the American Academy of dermatology, 24(1): 53-63.
[17] DerSarkissian C (2017) Total protein test. American Association for Clinical Chemistry, University of Rochester Medical Center.
[18] Coz-Rakovac R, Strunjak-perovic I, Hacmanjek M, topic PN, Lipez Z and Sostaric B (2004) Blood chemistry and histological properties of wild and cultured sea bass (Dicentrarchuslabrox) in the North Adriatic Sea. 29:677-687.
[19] Harvard Health(2018) how it’s made: cholesterol production in your body.
[20] Fluks M, Stout RL and Dolvan VF(2014)Serum globulin predicts all- cause mortility for life insurance applicants. Journal of insurance medical, 44(2): 93-98.
[21] Nadolski J, Skwarska J, Kalinski A, Banbura M, Sniegula R and Banbura J, (2006) Blood parameters as consistent predictors of nestling performance in great tits (Parus major) in the wild. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiol., 143: 50-54.
[22] Aengwanich W and Tanomtong A, (2007) Blood cell characteristics and hematological values of free ranging-red jungle fowl (gallusgallus) in northeastern. Thailand Journal of Biological Science, 4: 689-692.
[23] Kral P and Suchy P (2000) Hematological studies in adolescent breeding cocks. ActaVeterinaria Brno., 69: 189-194.
[24] Shlosberg A, Bellaiche M, Zeitlin N, Yaacobi M and Cahaner A (1996) Haematocrit values and mortality from ascites in cold-stressed broiler from parents selected by haematocrit. Poultry Science., 75: 1-5.
[25] Ladokun AO, Yakubu A, Otite JR, Omeje JN, Sokunbi OA and Onyeji E(2008)Haemtological and serum biochemical indices of naked neck and normally feathered Nigerian indigenous chickens in a sub humid tropical environment. International Journal of Poultry Science, 7: 55-58.
[26] Jain NC (1993) Essential of Veterinary Haematology. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, USA, pp: 133-168.
[27] Ritchie BW, Harrison GJ and Harrison LR (1994) Avian Medicine: Principles and Application. Wingers Publishing Inc., Lake Worth, Florida, USA.