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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Comparative Haematology And Biochemical Parametrs Of Indigenous And Broiler Chicken

[Full Text]



Subhadarsini Mohanty, Silpa Mohapatra GayatriAcharya



Haematological parameter, Indigenous, Broiler, Haemoglobin, WBC



This study focuses on analysing comparative haematology and serum-biochemical paramaeters of indigenous Vanaraja and broiler chicken.For this investigation two different breeds of chicken such as; Indigenous Vanaraja chicken and broiler chicken were used as the experimental birds. The haematological parameters includes White Blood Cell (WBC), Red Blood Cell (RBC), Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and Differential Leukocyte Count ( DLC) whereas the biochemical parameters includes albumin, globulin, cholesterol, glucose etc. The WBC value of both the species was statistically different from each other and was significant at p<0.01. The RBC value was statistically non-significant in the breeds. The Hb concentration, PCV, MCV and MCH value was higher in case of Indigenous Vanaraja chicken than the broiler chicken and was statistically significant at p<0.001. However the MCHC value was non-significant for both the breeds. The Lymphocyte count was higher in Broiler chicken than the Indigenous Vnaraja chicken and was significant at p<0.01, the Heterophil count was non-significant, Monocyte count was non-significant at p>0.05, Eosinophil count was statistically significant at p<0.01 and the Basophil count was non-significant at p>0.05.There was no significant difference seen in between both indigenous and broiler for the Total protein concentration.The serum albuminconcentration was significant at (P=0.05). The concentration of different serum constituents of broilerand indigenous chickens was significant at (P=0.001).Cholesterol content in broiler was significantly higher than indigenous chickens at (P<0.001). Serum globulin concentration in the broiler and indigenous was non-significant at (P˃0.05). Ratio of concentration of serum albumin/globulin in broiler was and indigenous was non- significant at(P˃0.05).The above study suggested the highest rank of Haemoglobin concentration in Vanaraja chicken, because it is more active than Broiler chicken and the oxygen consumption rate is more. The haematological parameters differs from each other in both the breeds due to the several factors such as; low immunity, environmental factors, change in number, size and shape of blood cell. The genetic traits also have effect on the haematological parameters of both the types of birds. High serum albumin was caused by dehydration. The high or low glucose level was due to may be due to the consumption of diet rich in grain.



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