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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Characterization, Combustion, Emission And Performance Analysis Of Palm Stearin Biodiesel On A Direct Injection Diesel Engine

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Cijil B. John, Dr. S. Antony Raja

 

KEYWORDS

Biodiesel, Characterization, CI-Compression ignition, Combustion, Compression ratio, Emission, GC-MS, Palm Stearin Oil Methyl Ester, Performance

 

ABSTRACT

The world’s demand on fossil fuel reserves is increasing rapidly and at the present rate of consumption, it is estimated that the world will soon be facing a severe energy crisis due to the exhaustion of fossil fuel resources. This paper is aimed at investigating the feasibility of using Palm Stearin Methyl Ester (PSME) as a fuel alternative for CI engines. The fatty acid profile of PSME was found using GCMS. Various blends of biodiesel were taken for experiments and their combustion, emission and performance characteristics of the engine were compared. The experiment was conducted on a Kirloskar TV1 VCR Engine at a standard Compression Ratio 17.5:1. The use of biodiesel blends reduces the frictional losses and thereby raises the engine’s mechanical efficiency. It is also evident that Palm Stearin biodiesel reduces Hydrocarbon (HC) and Carbon monoxide (CO) emissions. Thus, Palm Stearin biodiesel is found suitable for use as a possible fuel alternative to petro-diesel.

 

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