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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



The Effect Of Smoking On Denture In Langkai Village

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Yeyen Gumayesty, Jihan Natassa, Raviola, Sherly Vermita Warlenda, Hastuti Marlina

 

KEYWORDS

Smoking, Denture,

 

ABSTRACT

Denture users who have the habit of smoking have a bad impact on the quality of the dentures they use. When smoking, artificial teeth will be exposed to toxic substances that can affect the denture. The toxic substances found in cigarettes include carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, radioactive polonium, ammonia, nickel, arsenic, nicotine, tar, and heavy metals (Bertoldo, 2011). The prevalence of active smokers in the adult group in Indonesia is 46.8% of men and 3.1% of women. The percentage of denture users in Indonesia is 4.5% while in Riau Province the use of denture is 9.8% (Riskesdas, 2007). This study aims to determine the prevalence of denture users who smoke. In the Langkai village of Siak sub-district, Siak Regency, Riau Province. Population is the community of denture users who smoke and are aged 30 years and over with a total of 54 people. The study sample uses a total population. Type of quantitative analytic research with a case-control design. The analysis used univariate, bivariate and multivariate. The results obtained were respondents with dentures that changed as many as 18 people (33.3%) and variables that affected denture were smoking knowledge (P-value 0.022), type of cigarette (P-value 0.022) P-value 0.001), smoking behavior (P-value 0.016), and type of cigarette (P-value 0.016). Multivariate results obtained variables that affect denture knowledge are smoking knowledge (P-value 0.092), type of cigarette (P-value 0.030), smoking behavior (P-value 0.156), and type of cigarette (P-value 0.068). The study concludes that the variables that affect denture in Langkai Village, Siak District, Siak Regency are cigarette types (P-Value 0.030).

 

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