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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

A Review On Cyclone Resistant Plants Found In Cyclone Prone Odisha, India

[Full Text]



Atia Arzoo, Srimay Pradhan



Major cyclonic storms, Cyclone resistant trees, Odisha



While the eastern part of coastal belt of India is considered as one of the most cyclone prone areas in the world, Odisha is considered as more vulnerable as compared to the other eastern states of India. Cyclones can be detrimental to the environment. The literature on considerable impacts of cyclones on the human lives, infrastructure and environment has been reported scantily. So this review is based on the major cyclonic storms hitted to Odisha coast and cyclone resistant plants found in Odisha. In this review it was found that the cyclone resistant trees like Azedirachta indica, Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi, Mimusops elengi L., Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels, Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br., Senegalia catechu var. (L.F.) P. J. H. Hurter & Mabb., Terminalia arjuna, Saraca asoca, Terminalia chebula Retz., Terminalia bellirica, Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. ex DC. Magnolia champaca, Ficus racemosa L. can be planted for getting protection from damage. Cyclone resistant plants can be selected on the basis of their deep penetration of root with tap root system and susceptibility to trunk. Strength of the trunk varies between species to species due to differences in the capacity of wind resistance, its flexibility, density of wood, crown symmetry and the presence of damaged hollows caused by termites. During cyclone trees can protect the properties from debris attack and protect the structure safe from damaging structures further downwind. So selection of proper species must be necessary to ensure that tree which is planting either cyclone resistant or not.



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