IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
Scopus/Elsevier
(Re-evaluation in-progress)
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Dynamics Of Soybean Roots In Cane-Soybean Intercropping With Soil Treatment, Disposal Leaves, Organic Fertilizer Humacos

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Iskandar Umarie, Bejo Suroso, Oktarina

 

KEYWORDS

Tillage, sugarcane leaf disposal, Humacos, and Intercropping

 

ABSTRACT

Soybean demand in Indonesia every year is always increasing, in line with population growth and improved income per capita, so that the necessary supply of imported soybean. One way to increase soybean production through increased productivity of land that is by intercropping. The purpose of this study was to determine the dynamics of soybean roots of sugarcane soybean cropping system. Research conducted at the experimental farm, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Muhammadiyah Jember at December 2018 to May 2019. The research design used Split-Split-Plot consists of 3 doses of fertilizer factor humacos first, second factor cultivation and third factors licking time leaves of sugarcane each treatment was repeated 2 times. As the main plot of land preparation: L1: singkal, L2: singkal-rotary, and L3: singkal-rotary-rotary, subplots disposal cane leaves: P1 = 30 HST, P2: 45 HST, and P3: 60 days after planting, and children swath, dosage of fertilizer humacos: H1: 40 ml humacos + 2 liter water, H2: 80 ml humacos + 4 liters of water, and H3: 120 ml humacos + 6 liters of water. Results Tillage systems singkal-rotary-rotary, shows the number of root nodules most effective time of harvest, whereas in other observational parameters singkal system-rotary-rotary, showed the best trend. Disposal of sugarcane leaves 60 hst show the tendency of the best in all parameters of observation. Giving Humacos 12 l / ha showed the best results on the parameters of the total number of root nodules, the number of nodules during flowering, the number of effective root nodules during harvest, dry weight of effective root nodules, nodule weight and total root length. Interaction between tillage singkal-rotary-rotary with sugarcane leaf disposal 60 HST, showing the majority of the best trend in all parameters of observation. Interaction between singkal-rotary tillage with fertilizer-rotary Humacos with a dose of 12 l / ha, showing the majority of the best trend in all parameters of observation. Humacos fertilizer with a dose of 12 liters per hectare combined with the disposal of sugarcane leaves will give the best results. Interaction between tillage singkal-rotary-rotary with sugarcane leaf disposal 60 hst and fertilizer Humacos with a dose of 12 l / ha, shows a tendency. Interaction between singkal-rotary tillage with fertilizer-rotary Humacos with a dose of 12 l / ha, showing the majority of the best trend in all parameters of observation. Humacos fertilizer with a dose of 12 liters per hectare combined with the disposal of sugarcane leaves will give the best results. Interaction between tillage singkal-rotary-rotary with sugarcane leaf disposal 60 hst and fertilizer Humacos with a dose of 12 l / ha, shows a tendency. Interaction between singkal-rotary tillage with fertilizer-rotary Humacos with a dose of 12 l / ha, showing the majority of the best trend in all parameters of observation. Humacos fertilizer with a dose of 12 liters per hectare combined with the disposal of sugarcane leaves will give the best results. Interaction between tillage singkal-rotary-rotary with sugarcane leaf disposal 60 hst and fertilizer Humacos with a dose of 12 l / ha, shows a tendency. Interaction between tillage singkal-rotary-rotary with sugarcane leaf disposal 60 hst and fertilizer Humacos with a dose of 12 l / ha, shows a trend towards the best results at the observation parameters. To obtain soybean root growth and development to the maximum in the system of intercropping cultivation of sugarcane-soybean suggest singkal-rotary tillage-rotary with sugarcane leaf disposal 60 hst and fertilizer Humacos with a dose of 12 l / ha.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Ainun, M. 2010. Pengaruh Jarak Tanam antar Baris Pada SistemTumpangsari Beberapa Varietas Jagung Manis dengan Kacang Merah Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh, J. Agrista. 14 (1) : 30-39.
[2] Amir, B., D. Indradewa, dan E. T. S. Putra. 2015. Hubungan bintil akar dan aktivitas nitrat reduktase dengan serapan N pada beberapa kultivar kedelai (Glycine max). Semnas Masy Biodiv Indonesia Vol 1, No. 5 hal 1132-1135. doi: 10.13057/psnmbi/m010528.
[3] Fabre F. dan C. Planchon. 2000. Nitrogen nutrition, yield, and protein content in soybean. Plant Science 152 : 51-58.
[4] Cambala, Sunarti. 2011. Pengaruh pemberian mulsa jerami terhadap populasi hama kepik hijau (Nezara vidula) yang menyerang tanaman kedelai (Glycine max L) varietas Burarang. Jurnal Dinamika. 2 (2) : 52-61.
[5] Hanum, C. 2010. Pertumbuhan dan hasil kedelai yang diasosiasikan dengan Rhizobium pada zona iklim kering e (klasifikasi oldeman). Bionatura-Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Hayati dan Fisik. 12 (3) : 176-183
[6] Irwan, A.W. dan A. Wahyudin. 2017. Pengaruh inokulasi Mikoriza Vesikular Arbuskula (MVA) dan pupuk pelengkap cair terhadap pertumbuhan, komponen hasil dan hasil tanaman kedelai pada tanah Inceptisols Jatinangor. Jurnal Kultivasi. 16(2) : 326-332
[7] Krisnawati, A. dan M. M. Adie. 2015. Variability of Biomass and Harvest Index from Several Soybean Genotypes as Renewable Energy Source. Energy Procedia 65 : 14-21.
[8] Li, Da-yong., Z. Zhi-an, Z. Dian-jun, J. Li-yan, W. Yuan-li. 2012. Comparison of net photosinthetic rate in leaves of soybean with different yield levels. Abstract. Journal of Northest Agricultural University 19 : 14-19.
[9] Proborini, M. W. 2011. Eksplorasi jenis-jenis endomikoriza indigenus pada lahan kering di Bali dan Pemanfaatannya. Laporan Hibah Doktor. Dana DIPA Universitas Udayana No.079- 042-01/20/2011. Denpasar. Bali
[10] Ramadhiana, S. dan Juang, K. 2013. Pertumbuhan dan produksi buncis tegak (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) pada beberapa kombinasi media tanam organik. Buletin Agrohorti 1 (1),94-103
[11] Soejono. 2003. Pengaruh Jenis dan Saat Tanam Tanaman Palawija Dalam Tumpangsari Tebu Lahan Kering Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman. Fakultas Pertanian UGM, J. Ilmu Pertanian. 10 (2) : 26-24.
[12] Sugiono, Chris dan Didik Sucahyono. 2012. Efetivitas inolkulasi untuk menigkatkan pertumbuhan, hasil dan mutu benih kedelai. Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Aneka kacang dan umbi. 190-196.
[13] Skerman. P. J. 1977. Tropical Forage legumes. F.A. of Uno. Rome.
[14] Suriadi, Ahmad. 2011. Nodulasi tanaman legum akibat pupuk N pada musim tanam III dengan tanpa olah tanah di lahan irigasi. Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Aneka kacang dan umbi. 203-211.
[15] Syekhfani, 2010. Hubungan hara tanah, air dan tanaman. Dasar- dasar pengelolaan tanah subur berkelanjutan. Putra Media Nusantara. hlm 20.
[16] Trevisan, S., O. Francioso, S, Quaggiotti, S. Nardi. 2010. Humic substances biological activity at the plant soil interfac: from environmental aspects to molecular factors. Plant Signal Behav. 5(6), pp. 635-643.
[17] Widianto. 2008. Balai Penelitian Kacang-kacangan dan Umbi-umbian. Malang: Balitkabi.
[18] McHugh, D.J. 2003. A Guide to the Seaweed Industry. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 411. Roma.
[19] Rivaliati, Sanindya, Retno Suntari, Cahyo Prayogo. 2017. Dinamika n mineral akibat aplikasi pupuk npk kebomas berbasis amonium dan nitrat 25-7-7 pada tanaman buncis. Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan . 4 (1) : 493-502
[20] Prakoso, Dhimas Ikhsan, Didik Indradewa dan Endang Sulistyaningsih. 2018. Pengaruh Dosis Urea terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Kedelai (Glycine max L. Merr.) Kultivar Anjasmoro. Vegetalika.. 7(3): 16 – 29
[21] Prihastuti. 2013. Aplikasi pupuk hayati IIIetrisoy pada tanaman kedelai dan pengaruhnya terhadap populasi mikroba tanah. Sain dan matematika. 2 (1): 6-10.