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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The Role Of Dusung As Atraditional Arooresty Pattern And Local Culture In Overcoming Food Security And Security Problems In Small Islands

[Full Text]



Thomas M. Silaya, Ludia Siahaya



food, agroforestry, dusung, small islands



Food is a very basic need in human life and its demand continues to increase, especially on small islands in Maluku that span the influence of ecological conditions. To ensure the fulfillment of food needs, a new approach to managing food is needed through an agroforestry scheme. The purpose of this study is to examine the development of dusung management patterns as traditional agroforestry that can provide optimal benefits in the aspect of food production in order to overcome the problem of food security and security on small islands. In this study descriptive research methods and survey research methods were used. While the approach used in this study is a quantitative and qualitative approach. Data and information collected, then analyzed using vegetation analysis, income level, contribution of dusung in the form of income of dusung farmers and frequency of collecting dusung results.The results showed that the structure and composition of the dusung vegetation at the study site consisted of tree, pole, weaning and seedling levels. There are 17 types of tree vegetation in the dusung (70.83%) and 15 species of plants / grassland that can be eaten or processed to become food and drink. This proves that tree-level vegetation in dusung is very potential in supporting food needs for the community. The contribution of dusung farming to the average family income per year was Rp.25,255,781.25 or 73.30%. The factors that influence the development of dusung management in overcoming the problem of food security and security are socio-cultural factors, the system of inheritance / ownership of dusung, cropping patterns and types of soil in the dusung and factors of changing people's lifestyle



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