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IJSTR >> Volume 10 - Issue 5, May 2021 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Adaptive Strategies Of Rural Migrants In Urban Cities Of Jos-Plateau, North Central Nigeria

[Full Text]



Joshua Yohanna Gwanshak, Mariney Binti Mohd Yusoff, Aziz Shafie



Adaptation, Migrants, Jos-Plateau, Rural, Strategy, Urban Cities.



The Rural Migrants movement into urban centres in Jos-Plateau is at an alarming state. An investigation into the succinct issues of adaptive pattern explore by migrants to aid their stay has been the concern in the aspect of social, economic and environmental effects change on their livelihood. The research applied a mixed-method descriptive strategy of 385 migrants selected using a snowball sampling technique. Multiple questions were administered to migrants through the questionnaire, interview and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) to acquired data from urban city centres of Tudun-Wada (Hwolshe), Bauchi Road (terminus), Bokkos, Bukuru, Mangu, Rikkos, and Rayfield in Jos-Plateau. Information gathered was analyzed using multiple regressions of rural migrants as an independent variable while strategies harness to adapt in urban cities was the dependent variables. The findings divulged job opportunities as a reason for movement, mostly permanent stay in urban centres, squatting for accommodation, less pay for social services, strategic friendship for socialization and clothing change for adaptation to weather condition. Rural migrants strategically adapt to urban cities through accommodations, job opportunities, custom and climate on a strong significance at 0.01 and 0.05, only social services showed insignificantly related to rural migrants’ adaptation on the regression result of R2 value of 89.3% and possible ways adjustment were discovered in the city habitation



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