Phytochemical Analysis, Cytotoxic And Antioxidant Potential Of Ipomoea Pes Caprae(L)R.Br And Merremia Umbellata(L.)H. Hallier.
Minakshi Ganjir, Dipti Ranjan Behera, Sunita Bhatnagar
Keywords: Ipomoea pes-caprae, Merremia umbellata, cytotoxic, antioxidant, spectral analysis, DPPH assay, FRAP assay
Abstract: Ipomoea pes-caprae and Merremia umbellata initially belonged to the same genus Ipomoea, later both were separated into different genus on the basis of morphological differences. In this study both the medicinal plants were compared using phytochemical analysis, cytotoxic activity and antioxidant potential. Phytochemical tests revealed lots of similarities than variation. The only difference in case of phytochemical analysis of the two plants was in the detection of tannins which was present in all the samples of Ipomoea pes-caprae while it was present only in polar extract in Merremia umbellata. In spectral analysis most of the extracts showed similar profile, except for hexane extracts. Majority of peaks were similar with a minor peak here or there. Regarding cytotoxic activity Ipomoea pes caprae showed better results(more than 80%) as compared to Merremia umbellata which showed less than 75% cytotoxic activity. Ipomoea pes capre revealed marginally better antioxidant properties in comparision to Merremia umbellata.
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