The Effect Of Music Listening On Work Performance: A Case Study Of Sri Lanka
M. K. D. Padmasiri, Dr. K. A. S. Dhammika
Index Terms: Work environment, Music listening, and Work performance
Abstract: Effective utilization of human resource is the main focus of human resource management (HRM) of organizations irrespective of their nature. Creating a working environment that ease the mind of worker reducing their work related stresses is one the strategy in HRM. Playing background music is take in to consideration in by most of the organizations specially service organizations with the expectation that it will reduce the work place stresses and improves the performance. However, the effect of music on employees’ performance is least attended by the researchers particularly in manufacturing organizations. This study was aimed at examine the effect of background music on performance of the employees of garment manufacturing firms in Sri Lanka. The hypothesis has been developed to fulfill the major objective of identifying effect of music listening to the work performance. The sample size of this study was 50 machine operators out of 64 in the selected garment and data was collected by distributing well-structured questionnaire for same sample of employees in two times as before & after music listening. So that sample listened to the relaxation music for two weeks. Mean comparison test and regression analysis was used for the analysis of the data. It was found that background music has a profound effect on the work performance of the respondents (Correlation before music listening work performance: 0.796, after music listening work performance: 0.590 & Mean before music listening work performance: 34.945 after music listening work performance: 28.742). Final recommendations for the study are to use of fast rhythm songs, first discuss with employees, use more music, consider preference of employees and change the music based on the situation. This study proved the fact that employee performance can be improved further by creating a worker friendly environment by using of back ground music.
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